The time you eat is just as important as the contents of your plate, new research shows.
University of Manchester researchers studied cultured cells and mice to analyze how the inner body clock (or circadian rhythm) affects metabolism and digestion.
They found that when insulin is consumed, an insulin is released that affects the body's clock and how all our cells work together.
Food at the "wrong" biological time – ie late at night – threw off this rhythm and triggered an insulin release that stimulated proteins at certain times. It does not have to be active.
The results contribute to a growing body of research showing that our body clocks could play a significant role in the development of diabetes, obesity, metabolic disorders or heart problems.
Now that we have electricity that allows us to be active and productive around the clock, we can bypass that rhythm. However, our body works best in harmony with the Sun
"We already know that modern society poses many challenges to our health and well-being – things that are considered commonplace, such as shift work, sleep deprivation and jet lag, are disrupting our body clock "Said Dr. David Bechtold, a lecturer at the university, who worked on the study.
"It is now becoming clear that circadian disorder increases the incidence and severity of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes."
All forms of life – plants, fungi, animals, humans – have developed synchronously with the sun.
Now that we have electricity that allows us to be active and productive around the clock, we can avoid this rhythm.
But our bodies work best in sync with everything else.
In a healthy person The cortisol levels (the stress hormone) reach their peak at about 8 o'clock in the morning, so we (in theory) get a boost of energy to wake us up. These levels drop to their lowest level at 3am the next day before peaking at 8am five hours later.
Ideally, this 8 o'clock peak will be triggered by sunlight unless an alarm is triggered. When this happens, the adrenal glands and brain will pump adrenaline.
By morning, cortisol levels fall while adrenaline (for energy) and serotonin (a mood stabilizer) continue to pump.
At lunchtime, metabolism and body temperature rise and make us hungry and ready to eat.
After noon, cortisol levels begin to steadily decline. The metabolism slows down and fatigue sets in. Gradually, serotonin turns into melatonin, which causes drowsiness. Our blood sugar levels drop, and at 3 am, when we're in the middle of sleep, cortisol levels drop to a 24-hour low.
When this rhythm is disturbed, the delicate balance of hormones and sugar levels in our body is interrupted, starting to show on your skin, in your digestion, in your stress level.
It is a blessing for false supplements, serum and wellness brands that market their products as a silver bullet for balancing your system.
But a growing swell in research – including the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2017 – shows that flowing with the river could be a much simpler, more effective, and less expensive solution.
Dr. Michael Crupain, MD, MPH, a Board Certified Preventive Medicine Doctor, specializing in Dr. Ing. Oz Show advises, has written a book on the subject.
His research shows that eating with the sun or body works more efficiently.
"Eat with the sun" That's what sets your circadian rhythm, the clock of your body, to prepare your body for a more efficient running, "Dr. Crupain to DailyMail.com.
"Our body in the morning wants to process carbohydrates, and at night throw some kind of wrench into the works when you start eating. You start storing food instead of using it for energy. "
Dr. Crupain, who now has breakfast at 8 o'clock, did not always follow this lifestyle.
Until he started writing this book a few years ago, he was in the habit of eating large dinners and skipping breakfast – something that was recently found to be dangerous in a study, increasing the risk of heart disease ,
"I started training as a neurosurgeon and was in the night swimmer, so it was easy to have that meal," he explains.
Dr. Michael Crupain, MD, MPH, a Board-Certified Preventive Medicine Doctor specializing in Oz Show advises, wrote a book on the subject (on the right). His research shows that eating with the sun makes or body work more efficiently.
"I just got used to it and it worked for me. And then I started researching for this book.
Switching was "frighteningly easy," he says. It took him about a month – as he recommends to his readers now, with a 31-day plan that mimics exactly what he went through to postpone.
"I started having dinner and saving for the next day," Dr. Crupain, who makes cold pasta for breakfast ("Your body digests cold carbohydrates better than hot") explains.
Every day he saved another eighth of this large bowl of pasta for the next morning, until he finally had a big breakfast and a very small dinner.
"By three o'clock you should get about 75 percent of your calories," he says.
For the people who work in the night shift, Dr. Crupain, he understands how difficult this can be. It is difficult to recommend a nutritional plan if we really should not be awake.
But he says, the best you can do is to plan your meals and snacks so that the inevitable slot machine or pizza piece is avoided at 3am.
"At night, it's easy to eat things that are not good for you. In the night shift you have to plan a bit more than other people. Get your biggest meal before you go to work and get healthy snacks for the shift. Then have a light meal when you get home. "