Japan's 85-year-old Emperor Akihito will end his three-decade term on Tuesday abdicating his son, Crown Prince Naruhito.
He is the first emperor to abdicate for 200 years. The last abdication of a Japanese monarch took place in 1817.
Naruhito becomes Emperor on Wednesday, but his solemn enthronement will take place in October at a more elaborate ceremony.
Why did Akihito renounce
in August 2016, accusing Akihito of fears about his age and declining health expressed his desire to abdicate while still healthy and capable.
As a constitutionally defined symbol without political power, Akihito sought understanding in a message to his people and immediately gained overwhelming public support, paving the way for government approval.
As the Japanese Imperial House Law does not have an abdication From a reigning emperor, who practically allowed only a posthumous succession, the government issued a unique law that allowed the abdication of Akihito.
Who is the next one and who is left?
Naruhito is the elder son of Akihito's two sons. Naruhito, a 59-year-old musician and avid wanderer, spent two years in Oxford and after studying history at Gakushuin University, a school of aristocrats, wrote an article on the Thames River transport systems of the 1
His wife Masako The Harvard-born ex-diplomat is recovering from the stress-related conditions she developed after the birth of her daughter Aiko, under pressure to give birth to a boy.
17-year-old Aiko is not inherited under Japanese inheritance law for male inheritance, the lineage goes to Naruhito's brother, Fumihito, better known for his children's song Akishino.
Fumihito's son, Hisahito, 12, should be next.
The discussion about amending the law to allow female succession quickly ended with the birth of Hisahito, but it is expected to be resumed, with Akihito's abdication raising concerns about the future of the family.
How are the procedures for abdication determined?
Akihito will announce his abdication in a palace ritual on Tuesday night, but technically he will remain the Emperor until midnight when his era of Heisei or "reaching peace" ends and Naruhito begins with his Reiwa era of "beautiful harmony" , Wednesday morning, Naruhito, In his first ritual as Emperor, the Emperor receives Royal Insignia, including sword and jewel, as evidence of his accession to the throne.
Except for government officials, only adult male royals are allowed to be present, a tradition that the government held despite criticizing the public.
What will Akihito do after the abdication?
Akihito will carry a new title, Emeritus Emeritus, but he has retired completely and will no longer sign any documents, receive foreign dignitaries, attend governmental events or perform palace rituals.
He will not even be present His son's succession rituals will largely be withdrawn from public appearances.
His activities will be strictly private so as not to disturb the Serving Emperor.
After the abdication, Akihito and Michiko will move into a temporary royal residence, before finally switching places with Naruhito after renovations at each location.