Questions and concerns about Japan have risen internationally over the treatment of Nissan Motor Co.'s former chairman Carlos Ghosn, whose detention has been extended because of his arrest last week on alleged financial misconduct.
The arrest of the 64-year-old The executive, who was considered the savior of the automaker, came out of the blue. When he arrived on the evening of November 19 with a business jet at Haneda Airport in Tokyo, prosecutors were waiting for him.
Ghosn, known as one of Japan's highest-paid executives, is confined to a 7-square-meter room in Tokyo's detention center in the northeastern capital, according to the Justice Department. The window of the room is designed so that the inmate can not look outside.
There is a toilet and a sink nearby, and for safety reasons, the detainee has to pull a small partition when using the toilet. A shelf on the wall lacks sharp edges to prevent suicide and self-injury.
Prisoners receive three meals and 30 minutes of exercise per day and are allowed to shower twice a week. Clothes were brought to his room and he was seen in a "sporty" outfit, said a source familiar with the matter.
The prosecutors in Tokyo have argued that each country has a different legal procedure and that the detention for Ghosn, who holds French, Lebanese and Brazilian citizenship, is decided on the basis of "necessity".
However, some foreign media have described his treatment as being worse than terrorist suspects, and living conditions in the detention center are harsh.
In France, a suspect may be arrested without a court issuing a warrant in the early stages of the investigation.
In such a case, a suspect may be interrogated for up to four days, but is held for 24 hours. Even a suspected terrorist can not be held for more than six days. Unlike in Japan, lawyers are present at the interview.
A suspect like Ghosn is not detained by the police for more than two days, according to a Parisian defense lawyer.
Japanese law now sets limits on detention of 23 days for a police arrest warrant and 22 days for prosecutors' arrest warrant. However, the authorities can add more charges with new arrest warrants, meaning that a person can be jailed indefinitely if a court so approves.
Detention is approved if the suspect is expected to flee or destroy evidence. A court decides on the detention, for example by direct questioning of the suspect.
Criticism of Ghosn's treatment could continue to expand as his detention was extended by 1
Ghosn has read magazines and books provided to him on request, according to other sources familiar with his situation. He seemed healthy, but told the people who wanted to visit him that the room was cold and he wanted snacks, they said.
The financial newspaper Les Echos called the Japanese prison system "particularly stringent" to ban speech
The big daily Le Figaro wrote that the Tokyo detention center was "known to human rights organizations" because the prisoners were suffocated by isolation and executions – abolished in France as a violation of human rights.
It also happens. He touched on the fact that a compatriot is being held in the same facility as people on death row.
Ghosn was arrested on November 19 for allegedly violating the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act by underestimating his compensation in the company's securities reports by approximately $ 5 billion ($ 44 million) 10 billion yen, which he had received over five years until the financial year 2010.
In addition, he is said to have continued to fall short of compensation over the five-year period
Ghosn told prosecutors that he had failed to disclose some of his allowances in the securities reports, but insisted that the payment had not yet been settled, and so did he the allegations he had purposely falsified, according to sources close to the matter, which denied allegations.
The Wall Street Journal's Editorial Council said on Monday that Ghosn "endured a bizarre inquisition" and that he was "held in detention for days without charge." interviewed by prosecutors without a lawyer present, and fired from a post when he alleged in media leaks that he was guilty of financial abuse.
He lamented the lack of transparency in the investigation of Tokyo's prosecutors and presented the treatment of Ghosn as "more appropriate for a Yakuza mobster than for an international CEO without prior records of fraud or self-dealing.
As Nissan and I Mitsubishi Motors Corp., an Alliance alliance partner, Ghosn, despite lacking formal allegations, quickly rejected his chairmanship, and there was speculation that Nissan had planned to arrest Ghosn's alleged plan, Nissan with the alliance partner Renault SA to merge, finish.
In Lebanon While Ghosn spent much of his childhood and was considered a success story among immigrants who had fled a war-torn country, the arrest was a great disappointment.
A Lebanese friend of Ghosn said the incident must be a conspiracy Leave Renault and protect Nissan.
Ghosn was originally sent by Renault in 1999 as part of a capital tie to save Nissan from bankruptcy. It has been at the heart of the complex tripartite partnership involving the French government, which is the major shareholder of Renault, accounting for around 15%.
"An investigation is immensely important. Something stinks, "said Lebanese Information Minister Melhem Riachi.
A Lebanese foreign minister complains that the Japanese ambassador Ghosn had to bring a mattress because he slept on a rug.
The Lebanese government has called Japan for a transparent and finding a fair solution and ensuring that Ghosn has ample time to meet with family members and lawyers.
Uncertainty is left to Ghosn's fate, but if a new arrest warrant is issued on December 10 or later, it may remain at Christmas time.