Supreme Court Judge Retiredwho was appointed as a moderate but later as a leading liberal voice by President Gerald Ford in 1975, has died, the Supreme Court said Tuesday. He was 99.
The cause of death were complications of a stroke he had suffered on Monday, the Supreme Court said. His daughters stood by his side at the time of his death.
"He brought an inimitable blend of kindness, humility, wisdom and independence to our bank, and his relentless commitment to justice has left us a better nation," Chief Justice John Roberts said in a statement.
Stevens served in the Supreme Court until his retirement at the age of 90 in 201
He later graduated from Northwestern University with a law degree and was the first to graduate. He taught antitrust law at both the University of Chicago and Northwestern.
Stevens was United States Appeals Court for the Seventh Circuit from 1970 to 1975 when he was appointed to the Supreme Court by Ford.
In his time of court, he wrote over 400 majority opinions. In 1997, he was part of the unanimous verdict against Clinton's former President Clinton against Jones, in which Clinton tried to postpone a lawsuit against sexual harassment by Paula Jones, saying it would put pressure on the presidency.
"In the entire history of the Republic, only three sitting presidents have been suing for their private actions," said Stevens. "As far as the case is concerned … there is nothing in the file that could make any potential damage if the process is timely."
The next president, George W. Bush, was the subject of one of Stevens & # 39; toughest dissidents in 2000 Bush v. Gore. The Bush campaign sought to delay Florida's recounting of ballots, arguing that the nation's recount would cause irreparable harm to the nation.
"Although we never know with absolute certainty the identity of the winner of this year's presidential election, the identity of the loser is clear – it is the nation's trust in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law," Stevens wrote in his appeal.
When he retired 10 years later, he still maintained the right answer.
Stevens asked "60 minutes" whether the court's ruling was a party political one: "I would not really say that, I do not question the good faith of the people, the judges I disagreed with I believe they were deeply mistaken. "
In two cases concerning the war on terror, he ruled against the Bush administration. He wrote the 2004 decision that terror suspects in Guantanamo Bay had legal rights. Two years later, he ruled the military courts of the Bush administration at the naval base, which violated US and international law.
Before retiring in 2010, he voiced a 20-minute dissent in Citizens United's case against Federal Election Commission, which lifted the centuries-old ban on corporate spending in elections.
Businesses are not people, "he said." In the context of a public office election, the distinction between corporate and human speakers is important. Companies can not vote or run for office as they are managed and controlled by non-residents. Their interest may fundamentally conflict with voter interest. … The rule announced today that Congress must treat company spokespersons as well as people in the political arena is … a radical change in the law. "
He told NPR in 2010 that his only regret was the resuscitation decision of He was sentenced to death in 1976. More than 20 years later, in 2002, he wrote a majority opinion that the constitution did not allow the execution of the mentally handicapped.
A dedicated Cubs fan – he attended the World Series game in 1932 when Babe Ruth pointed to the podium in the stands Where he planned a home run, he threw a first pitch in 2005. He was also an avid bridge and tennis player and a licensed pilot.
In 1979, Stevens and his wife Elizabeth settled Jane Sheeren divorced what made him the second judge on the Supreme Court to divorce the court, later marrying Maryan Mulholland Simon 9659003] Both his first wife and his second wife died in death, as did his son John Joseph and daughter Kathryn.
He is survived by his children Elizabeth Jane Sesemann and Susan Roberta Mullen, nine grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren.