Home / US / John Paul Stevens died; Retired Supreme Court Justice, who led the court's liberal wing, dies at the age of 99; Cause of death complications from stroke

John Paul Stevens died; Retired Supreme Court Justice, who led the court's liberal wing, dies at the age of 99; Cause of death complications from stroke

Supreme Court Judge Retired John Paul Stevens who was appointed as a moderate but later as a leading liberal voice by President Gerald Ford in 1975, has died, the Supreme Court said Tuesday. He was 99.

The cause of death were complications of a stroke he had suffered on Monday, the Supreme Court said. His daughters stood by his side at the time of his death.

"He brought an inimitable blend of kindness, humility, wisdom and independence to our bank, and his relentless commitment to justice has left us a better nation," Chief Justice John Roberts said in a statement.

Stevens served in the Supreme Court until his retirement at the age of 90 in 201

0. Upon retirement, former President Obama praised him as an "impartial guardian of the law" serving the nation. Honor and humility. Mr Obama said at the time that he wanted to appoint a righteousness that, like Stevens', was an independent spirit, a testimony of excellence and integrity, a strong commitment to the rule of law, and a keen understanding of how the law was based on that daily life has possessions of the American people.

Mr. Obama finally chose Justice Elena Kagan as Stevens' replacement.

In nearly 35 years at the Supreme Court, Stevens has always been After retiring in 2010 he explained to "60 Minutes " that the judges, who in the case where the 2000 election was decided by a majority vote, were "profoundly wrong"

At his retirement, he made headlines calling for the repeal of the second amendment, saying Justice Brett Kavanaugh should not be confirmed .

"At the time, I thought (Kavanaugh) would have the qualification for the Supreme Court, it should be selected, "Stevens said in October 2018." I have changed my views for reasons unrelated to his intellectual capacity … I feel that s a performance at the hearings ultimately changed my mind. "

Stevens was born on April 20, 1920 in Chicago, the son of a wealthy father who built what was then the largest hotel in the world.

Gangsters robbed the family at gunpoint at age 12." And we all stood in a row and they threatened to kill, all with a machine gun to shoot, "he said to" 60 minutes. "When they faced each other with a machine gun, a neighbor happened to come to the door and the men fled.

Stevens & # 39 Father lost his fortune in the Great Depression and was later arrested for embezzlement and his conviction was overturned on appeal, Stevens told "60 minutes" that "every judge must consider the possibility that the system will not work properly in a particular case".

Stevens graduated from the University of Chicago and then served in the US Navy during World War II from 1942 to 1945, an experience that is sometimes l found in his writings.

  John Paul Stevens
FILE – In this file of May 3, 2010 retired Judge John Paul Stevens speaks at the annual convention of the 7th Circuit Bar Association & Judicial Conference of the 7th Circuit in Chicago. Liberals fear that, after appointing President Barack Obama, they will be given up when appointing a Supreme Court Justice for a moderate consensus rather than a liberal model of retired judge John Paul Stevens decides. (AP Photo / David Banks, file)

David Banks

He later graduated from Northwestern University with a law degree and was the first to graduate. He taught antitrust law at both the University of Chicago and Northwestern.

Stevens was United States Appeals Court for the Seventh Circuit from 1970 to 1975 when he was appointed to the Supreme Court by Ford.

In his time of court, he wrote over 400 majority opinions. In 1997, he was part of the unanimous verdict against Clinton's former President Clinton against Jones, in which Clinton tried to postpone a lawsuit against sexual harassment by Paula Jones, saying it would put pressure on the presidency.

"In the entire history of the Republic, only three sitting presidents have been suing for their private actions," said Stevens. "As far as the case is concerned … there is nothing in the file that could make any potential damage if the process is timely."

The next president, George W. Bush, was the subject of one of Stevens & # 39; toughest dissidents in 2000 Bush v. Gore. The Bush campaign sought to delay Florida's recounting of ballots, arguing that the nation's recount would cause irreparable harm to the nation.
"Although we never know with absolute certainty the identity of the winner of this year's presidential election, the identity of the loser is clear – it is the nation's trust in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law," Stevens wrote in his appeal.

When he retired 10 years later, he still maintained the right answer.

Stevens asked "60 minutes" whether the court's ruling was a party political one: "I would not really say that, I do not question the good faith of the people, the judges I disagreed with I believe they were deeply mistaken. "

In two cases concerning the war on terror, he ruled against the Bush administration. He wrote the 2004 decision that terror suspects in Guantanamo Bay had legal rights. Two years later, he ruled the military courts of the Bush administration at the naval base, which violated US and international law.

Before retiring in 2010, he voiced a 20-minute dissent in Citizens United's case against Federal Election Commission, which lifted the centuries-old ban on corporate spending in elections.

Businesses are not people, "he said." In the context of a public office election, the distinction between corporate and human speakers is important. Companies can not vote or run for office as they are managed and controlled by non-residents. Their interest may fundamentally conflict with voter interest. … The rule announced today that Congress must treat company spokespersons as well as people in the political arena is … a radical change in the law. "

He told NPR in 2010 that his only regret was the resuscitation decision of He was sentenced to death in 1976. More than 20 years later, in 2002, he wrote a majority opinion that the constitution did not allow the execution of the mentally handicapped.

A dedicated Cubs fan – he attended the World Series game in 1932 when Babe Ruth pointed to the podium in the stands Where he planned a home run, he threw a first pitch in 2005. He was also an avid bridge and tennis player and a licensed pilot.

In 1979, Stevens and his wife Elizabeth settled Jane Sheeren divorced what made him the second judge on the Supreme Court to divorce the court, later marrying Maryan Mulholland Simon 9659003] Both his first wife and his second wife died in death, as did his son John Joseph and daughter Kathryn.

He is survived by his children Elizabeth Jane Sesemann and Susan Roberta Mullen, nine grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren.

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