The retired Judge of the Supreme Court, John Paul Stevens, who was appointed by President Gerald Ford in 1975 as a moderate but later as a leading liberal vote, has died, the Supreme Court said Tuesday. He was 99.
The cause of death were complications of a stroke he had suffered on Monday, the Supreme Court said. His daughters stood by his side at the time of his death.
"He brought an inimitable blend of kindness, humility, wisdom and independence to our bank, and his relentless commitment to justice has left us a better nation," Chief Justice John Roberts said in a statement.
Stevens served in the Supreme Court until his retirement at the age of 90 in 201
0. Upon retirement, former President Obama praised him as an "impartial guardian of the law" serving the nation. Honor and humility. Mr Obama said at the time that he wanted to appoint a righteousness that, like Stevens', was an independent spirit, a testimony of excellence and integrity, a strong commitment to the rule of law, and a keen understanding of how the law was based on that daily life has possessions of the American people.
Mr Obama finally chose Justice Elena Kagan as a replacement for Stevens.
In nearly 35 years at the Supreme Court, Stevens became increasingly liberal In his retirement in in 2010, he explained to "60 Minutes " that the judges, who had decided in the majority in the case in which the election was held in 2000, were "profoundly wrong."  At his retirement, he made headlines calling for the repeal of the second amendment, saying Justice Brett Kavanaugh should not be confirmed .
"At the time, I thought (Kavanaugh) would have the qualification for the colonel Court, should it be selected, "Stevens said in October 2018." I have changed my views for reasons unrelated to his intellectual ability … I feel that his e performance at the hearings ultimately changed my mind. "
Stevens was born on April 20, 1920 in Chicago, the son of a wealthy father who built what was then the largest hotel in the world.
Gangsters robbed the family at gunpoint at age 12." And we all stood in a row and they threatened to kill, all with a machine gun to shoot, "he said to" 60 minutes. "When they faced each other with a machine gun, a neighbor happened to come to the door and the men fled.
Stevens & # 39 Father lost his fortune in the Great Depression and was later arrested for embezzlement and his conviction was overturned on appeal, Stevens told "60 minutes" that "every judge must consider the possibility that the system will not work properly in a particular case".
Stevens graduated from the University of Chicago and then served in the US Navy during World War II from 1942 to 1945, an experience that is sometimes l found in his writings.
Later, he graduated in law from Northwestern University and graduated first in class. He taught antitrust law at both the University of Chicago and Northwestern.
Stevens was United States Appeals Court for the Seventh Circuit from 1970 to 1975 when he was appointed to the Supreme Court by Ford.