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Judges govern Michigan congressional districts are unconstitutional Gerrymandered



Perhaps more strikingly, the judges ruled that all 34 cards violated United Nations' right to freedom of association, and effectively punished them for their political views by taking them to districts where their votes were worthless. The plaintiffs in the North Carolina-Gerrymander case brought the same argument before the Supreme Court in March.

In each of the embattled districts, the judges wrote to the plaintiffs – the League of Women Voters, who represented individual citizens of Michigan – proved that the legislature was legislative he wanted to silence the Democratic voters that card the task were successful, and that there was no other reasonable justification for the way the cards were drawn.

The judges rejected lawmakers' claims that the cards were simply being obeyed. State standards that legislators had to adhere to in order to set political boundaries – for example, that the districts have almost the same population, and the Cardmakers try not to split counties and cities. "The evidence points to only one conclusion: Partisan considerations played a central role in every aspect of the redistribution process," the judges write.

In the 2012-2016 election, the Michigan Republicans have won nine of the state's 14 houses – 64 percent – despite not having won more than 50.5 percent of nationwide votes in any of these years. And last year, when the Democrats won nearly 56 percent of the vote and swept away national offices, they still won only half of the 14 seats.

The legislature's case was soon undermined by a series of e-mails that were discovered during a discovery of both their intentions and the political animus behind them. The e-mails boasted that they were packing "garbage" into four districts in southeastern Michigan, leaving adjacent districts with a secure Republican majority. And the news joked about how a narrow expansion of a district of a Democratic congressman "shook hands" with his incumbent.

Another e-mail in 2011 found that Republican party officials, who had previously conducted a nationwide campaign to arrest state legislation and control redistribution, had created a congressional card for Michigan that included the party's seat share would increase to 10 out of 14 in the state. However, a Republican strategist rejected the card and said, "We need a good-looking card for legal and public relations purposes." that did not look like a gerrymander.

The judges appeared to be the most impressed, however, by statistical evidence that the House and the legislative districts benefited the Republicans so profoundly that there was no plausible explanation for their forms except for inclusion in a partisan one Advantage.


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