On Monday, data from a European climate agency officially confirmed what Guterres and others warned: July was the warmest month the world has experienced since recording began in more than a century  The Copernicus Climate Change Service, a program of the European Union, calculated that July 2016 was just behind the dubious honor of the hottest registered month last month. The month was 1.01 degrees (0.56 degrees Celsius) above the 1981-2010 average, "just over 1.2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level set by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)," states a statement from the agency exceeded July 2016 by about 0.07 degrees (0.04 degrees Celsius).
Scientists found that the planet is at a tempo for one of its hottest years, and the data warrant that the period from 2015 to 2019 will decrease as the warmest five. "July has climate history with dozens of new temperature records at local, national and Global Level, "announced Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, the month of historical implications. "This is not science fiction, it is the reality of climate change, it is happening now and it will worsen in the future without any urgent climate change measures."
Copernicus announces its monthly temperature rankings earlier han other temperature tracking agencies such as NASA and their leaderboards may differ slightly as they use another source for their data. The monthly ranking was created by feeding millions of readings from weather balloons, satellites, buoys, and other sources into a computer model hourly.
The results have yet to be compared with observational records that come from networks of thousands of people temperature measuring sites around the world. These readings will be reported in the coming weeks by NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and other agencies. However, according to scientists, the final results are unlikely to differ significantly from Copernicus.
In particular, the monthly temperature record of July comes without the additional influence of a strong "El Niño" event in the tropical Pacific. Such natural climatic events, which normally occur every five to seven years, bring heat to the oceans and the atmosphere and contribute to raising planetary temperatures. For example, the record of 2016 occurred during a year with an extremely strong El Niño.
"While we do not expect a new record every year, the fact that it occurs every few years is a clear sign of a warming climate," said Zeke Hausfather, a climate researcher with Berkeley Earth.
A Friday study by a group of researchers examining the role of climate change in extreme weather showed that climate change made the July heatwave at least ten times more likely.
The World Weather Attribution report, which was not peer-reviewed by a journal, also found that climate change increased the intensity of the heatwave by up to 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit (3 degrees Celsius) by measuring the global average surface temperature increased. ,
From the scorching heat of Europe to massive forest fires in Siberia and Alaska, the record heat of July 2019 marked the people and the ecosystems they depend on.
Monthly rise in temperature was driven largely by record heat in Western Europe, including the scorching heat wave that reached the Arctic and culminated in one of the most significant smelting events ever recorded in Greenland. The Greenland ice sheet dumped 197 billion tons of water into the North Atlantic in July alone – enough to raise global sea levels by 0.5 millimeters or 0.02 inches.
Alaska also recorded the warmest month since existence. There and elsewhere in the Arctic, huge forest fires erupted, consuming millions of acres and emitting astonishing amounts of greenhouse gases. Arctic sea ice was at a record low this month.
In Canada, a military facility in Alert, Nunavut – the world's northernmost permanently inhabited location – recorded an all-time high of 69.8 degrees on July 14. The July average for the outpost, approximately 1000 kilometers from the North Pole, is at 44.6 degrees.
In Belgium, a zoo fed its tigers with chickens frozen in blocks of ice. The Kleine Brogel air force base held the national record for a short time, which led to nervous jokes after a NATO body accidentally released a document stating that US nuclear weapons were stored there.
In Paris, local officials set up spontaneous "cold rooms". in every part of the city, where there were air conditioners and cold water.
In parts of Germany, the authorities had to lower the speed limits for motorways because of fears that the German high-speed motorways could suffer heat damage. Undeterred, a scooter driver made his way to East Germany, but was stopped after police had seen him without a helmet.
In the German capital, Berlin residents took matters into their own hands and distributed maps in social media, which showed the locations of the air-conditioned public spaces. Portable air conditioners and fans were quickly sold out, and a Berlin installer stopped his telephone service. A recorded voice message cited a flood of calls that the company could no longer handle.
Damodhar Ughade, a cotton farmer in the village of Seeras in the West Indian region of Vidarbha, felt he was experiencing a nightmare in July's devastating heatwave in June.
While droughts are not rare due to late monsoons, he said that this year was the worst since 1972, when dozens of people left their dry village and moved to the cities. As temperatures rose to 102 degrees – not as bad as the 118 degrees in June, but still brutal – his fields were dehydrated, his livestock was starving, and drinking water ran out in the village.
"There were two feet of cracks in my field. It was impossible to even go for it, "he said over the phone. He said that the lack of reliable water has led women to spend two hours in other villages, carrying earthenware pots on their heads in search of water. Men hired small vehicles and transported tankers to nearby towns to buy water.
The scarcity was so great that there was not enough water to share it with the oxen. About 15 died in the village, he said.
In England, 22-year-old Andrea D & # 39; ale had the unenviable mission of carrying passengers down the River Cam – the main river that flows through Cambridge, a quaint university town 60 miles north of London. He was standing on the back of a long, flat-bottomed boat, dug a long pole against the river bed. Usually, he said, umbrellas are used to ward off showers, but on Thursday tourists used them as umbrellas.
"It was a challenge," said D & # 39; Aleo, as a tour guide working in the intense heat. "I talked to a bunch of umbrellas when I died in the sun."
Four years ago, Paris leaders pledged to do anything to prevent the globe from losing more as 2 degrees Celsius, the goal is to keep the warming to no more than 2.4 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) compared to pre-industrial levels.
But the commitments that the countries have made in Paris are far too modest to achieve these goals. Last week, when the UN chief recognized the likelihood that the world had just experienced its hottest month of existence, he asked national leaders to make the will to take the kind of aggressive action that could make the globe more sustainable trajectory.
"This year alone, we have set temperature records from New Delhi to Anchorage, from Paris to Santiago, from Adelaide to the Arctic Circle," said Guterres. "If we do not tackle climate change now, these extreme weather events are just the tip of the iceberg. And, in fact, the iceberg is melting fast.
Amanda Coletta of Toronto, Michael Birnbaum of Prague, Niha Masih of New Delhi, Karla Adam of London, Rick Noack of Berlin, and James McAuley of Paris contributed to the report.