(Photo: leonori, Shutterstock)  While pesticides are used to protect fruit and vegetables, they may endanger humans, according to the World Health Organization. Studies have shown that human consumption of pesticides is linked to cancer risk, fertility and other health issues. EEC research analyst Carla Burns said in a statement, "The main route of pesticide exposure for most Americans who do not live or work on farms is through their diet." The purpose of this guide is to help consumers to know which foods are more health-conscious or to be attracted to the supermarket, and to help them make decisions about how pesticide regulation affects health.
Fear should not be part of the decision "to buy food on the list of pesticides," said Teresa Thorne, executive director of Alliance for Food and Farming, a nonprofit organization representing organic and conventional farmers in the fruit and vegetables sector ,
Thorne noted a previous study in the Journal of Toxicology criticized the EWG's Dirty Dozen list and found that consuming organic produce did not reduce consumer risk. "This is mainly because the residues are so low, if any," she said.
Research on the effects of pesticides on humans is ongoing, and it is not fully known if a certain amount of pesticides is considered to be safe. The American Academy of Pediatrics acknowledges that there are reasons to worry about exposing children to pesticides, especially before birth. Concerns include effects on development and behavior.
Environmental Working Group 2019 Dirty Dozen
. 2 spinach
. 3 Kale
. 4 nectarines
. 5 apples
. 6 Grapes
. 7 peaches
. 8 cherries
. 9 pears
. 11 celery
In order of pesticide concentration, the 2019 Dirty Dozen list includes strawberries, spinach, kale, nectarines, apples, grapes, peaches, cherries, pears, tomatoes, celery and potatoes. Among them, kale and spinach contain 1.1 to 1.8 times more pesticide residues than other product lots. This list varies as well as the use of pesticides in agriculture. "The type and quantity of pesticides used by a breeder depends on the pest the breeder is dealing with and the weather.Weather will often increase the use of fungicides," says Chris Campbell, VP of Information Technology for the EEC , 19659002] Despite the high pesticide residues of spinach and kale, strawberries have topped the Dirty Dozen list. Strawberries are popular – Americans eat an estimated 8 pounds a year – but the chemicals used to protect and preserve strawberries are a matter of concern, and some have been banned by the European Union. The fruit gained notorious status because the United States Department of Agriculture concluded that strawberries among the products tested were most likely withholding pesticide residues even after picking and washing.
Kale is known as a source of vitamins and other nutrients, but the vegetables could also be stained by carcinogenic pesticides . The results of the report show that 92 percent of the samples of conventionally grown kale were positive for two or more pesticide residues, and a single kale sample sometimes contained up to 18 different pesticide residues. The most commonly detected pesticide was Dacthal, also known as DCPA, and was identified as a potential carcinogen. Europe has banned its use since 2009.
Products that reduce consumer exposure to pesticides include avocados, sweetcorn, pineapple, frozen peas and onions. In contrast to Dirty Dozen, no pesticide residues were detected in 70 percent of these foods. Less than 1 percent of avocados and sweetcorn were tested positive for pesticides and were considered the cleanest on the list.
Clean Working Group of Environmental Working Group 2019
2. Sweet corn *
. 3 pineapple
. 4 Frozen peas
. 5 onions
. 6 Papayas *
. 7 eggplant
. 8 asparagus
. 9 Kiwis
. 11 cauliflower
. 13 broccoli
15th Honeydew melon
* A small amount of corn, papaya and summer squash sold in the US is made from genetically modified seeds. Buy organic varieties of these crops if you want to avoid genetically modified products.
The recommendations of the Environmental Working Group are: to buy and eat organic products, especially fruits and vegetables on the Dirty Dozen list. However, if your budget does not allow you to eat organically, fruits and vegetables are better than none.
"Science shows that people have to eat more fruits and vegetables every day, either conventionally or organically," No list required, "said Thorne of the Alliance for Food and Agriculture.
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