SEOUL, South Korea – Summit on April 27 is the third time that the leaders of divided Korea have met in the 65 years since the end of the Korean War.
Both sides agreed Thursday on the meeting between South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korea leader Kim Jong Un.
The previous summits took place during several years of rapprochement, followed by a decade of tense and cold relations. A preliminary thaw began earlier this year with North Korean participation in the Winter Olympics in South Korea's Pyeongchang.
A look at the inter-Korean summits:
The first inter-Korean summit was held by former North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, the late father of Kim Jong Un, and the Liberal former president of South Korea, Kim Dae -young. The three-day meeting in June, starting with a smiling, Kim Jong Il, who held Kim Dae-jung at Pyongyang Airport, led to an agreement between the Koreas on joint economic projects that have since come to a standstill. The countries also agreed to resume the reunification of families between North and South. Kim Dae-jung later won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his rapprochement with the North.
The Koreans held their second summit in October 2007 between Kim Jong Il and Roh Moo-hyun, Kim Dae-jun's liberal successor and the political mentor of current South Korean President Moon. Roh went to Pyongyang after crossing the demilitarized zone in a symbolic moment that made international headlines. Kim and Roh were ready to sign a peace treaty to formally end the Korean War and reached a number of collaborative projects. But most of the agreements were postponed after Roh's only five-year term ended months later and he was replaced by a conservative who took a tougher line on the nuclear ambitions of the north.
Moon, a Liberal who took office last May, and Kim will meet in a border village on April 27. The meeting comes after North Korea has sent athletes, musicians and officials to the Winter Olympics in February, including Kim's sister, who met with Moon to free her brother's brother's desire for a summit. In a subsequent visit to the United States, South Korean ambassadors arranged for a possible meeting between Kim and President Donald Trump, who said he would meet the North Korean leader by May.
Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, transmitted, rewritten or redistributed.