CHICAGO – A white police officer from Chicago, Jason Van Dyke was found guilty on Friday of second-degree murder, nearly four years after he shot Laquan McDonald, a black 17-year-old with a knife in his hand.  The violent encounter triggered violent demonstrations throughout the city after the authorities released a video in which Van Dyke fired 16 shots at McDonald, leading to a sweeping federal investigation, leading top executives to be forced out of their jobs , The closely watched process reiterated the tense relationship between the city police and their residents, especially colored people, as well as questions here and across the country about how officers use lethal force.
Van Dyke ̵
This verdict is the latest in the seemingly endless shockwaves of McDonald's death and the subsequent release of the video, which continues to be heard throughout the city and dominated Chicago mayor Rahm Emanuel (D)'s second term
Footage was released in November 2015, Emanuel dismissed his police commissioner Garry McCarthy, who later said He was a scapegoat and now runs for the mayor. The voters then rejected the prosecutor, who warned for a year on Van Dyke. The Department of Justice initiated an investigation that ended last year in a devastating report that the department violates the constitutional rights of the residents. One week before Van Dyke's trial began, Emanuel announced that he would not stand for a third term.
This process has been given special control in part due to how rarely officers are drawn to the lethal shooting of conscripts. Convictions are even less likely, as the officers have ample latitude under the law to use lethal force. In recent years, fatal shootings of civilians by police in Cincinnati, Milwaukee, North Charleston, South Carolina, and the Minneapolis area have sparked intense protests, followed by criminal charges, acquittals, or juries.
McDonald's death in October 2014 – just weeks after a black teenager was killed by a white police officer in Ferguson, Mo – did not attract nationwide attention until 13 months later the court ruled the publication of the police dash cam Videos ordered. The authorities initially said that McDonald was attacking police, but the footage showed that McDonald was slowly walking down the middle of Pulaski Road before falling to the ground when hit by Van Dye's bullets. The police department has released police officers for lying about McDonald's death, and three former or current officers were charged last year for conspiracy to cover up what happened.
In a statement after the verdict, Emanuel and Eddie Johnson, of Chicago The police commissioner called on the police, officials and local residents to "continue to hear each other and cooperate with each other."
"The jury heard the case and came to the conclusion that our joint work was not done" said. "Efforts to drive sustainable reforms and build trust between residents and the police need to be vigorously pursued."
Following the video released in November 2015 – the same day that Van Dyke was charged with first-degree murder – demonstrators continued to march in downtown Chicago during Emanuel's term. They gathered in front of the mayor's house, on Lake Shore Drive, and even on two lanes of the Dan Ryan Expressway, to draw attention to the police reform, and what they accused was a cover-up by City Hall.
The city officials had fought in court, and it was only released after Emanuel re-elected for a second term and after Chicago City Council approved a $ 5 million settlement with the McDonald family.
Last year, the city borrowed $ 225 million from police comparisons and judgments. According to a report from the Action Center on Race and the Economy, the total is $ 709 million between 2010 and 2017. The organization estimates that borrowing will cost Chicago taxpayers more than $ 1 billion in interest rates for the life of the bonds.
The tensions associated with the Van Dyke trial were high. Protesters gathered in front of the criminal court George N. Leighton every day of the three-week trial. Some high-rise Chicago homeowners warned the residents of potential violence after the verdict.
In a joint statement, activist Carl Dix and philosopher Cornel West Van Dykes described actions as "illegitimate violence" that the process "intensified".  "If the court releases Van Dyke, it would also be illegitimate violence – a threat to every black and brown youth in Chicago," they said. Some activists have called for peaceful protests in the form of an economic boycott.
Berman reported from Washington. This story, first released at 15:09, is being updated.
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