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Home / Science / Large Hadron Collider in Pictures: An Exclusive Look Behind the Scenes of LHC at CERN | Science | news

Large Hadron Collider in Pictures: An Exclusive Look Behind the Scenes of LHC at CERN | Science | news



The biggest claim of the Large Hadron Collider is that in 2012 the Higgs boson particle was discovered, which physicists believe to interact with and give mass to other particles through the Higgs field. The discovery of Higgs was then celebrated as a monumental breakthrough in particle physics, which earned the Noble Prize of Physics in 2013. However, much more is happening at the LHC than most might suspect, with many of the Collider system's technologies being used in everyday situations. From the development of efficient superconducting wires to proton accelerators for precise cancer treatment, science at CERN is far-reaching.

And all that happens on a diverse campus of physicists, engineers, IT specialists and scientists from all over the world

Founded in 1

954, CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research – an international collaboration of like-minded scientists who share the secrets of the early days Universe riddled.

The CERN main campus is located on the outskirts of Geneva, just a few minutes from the open border crossing with France.

Due to CERN's international status and importance to the scientific community, the campus feels more like a diplomatic neutral ground than a fully European institution.

  CERN and the LHC: Large Hadron Collider Tunnel

CERN and the LHC: These are the tunnels of the Large Hadron Collider (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

  CERN and the LH C: Paul Collier im Collider Tunnel

CERN and the LHC: Paul Collier is the beamhead at CERN (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and the LHC: When the collider runs, the tunnels are extremely radioactive (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

And the sheer size The company at CERN means that the facilities and experiments of the collaboration play a role

The LHC itself is a 26.7 km long circuit of deep tunnels and accelerator lines that run under France and Switzerland and among the idyllic rural and mountainous Landscape are hidden.

The tunnels are f rarely accessible to the public, and are heavily irradiated when the collider is executed, but Express.co.uk has the opportunity to do so at close quarters thanks to the Science and Technology Facilities Council (SFTC).

The main collision tunnel is entered through one of the numerous facilities in the area that houses the seven collider experiments at CERN (19659002) At a depth of 100 meters underground, the characteristic blue pipelines of the LHC run the full length the racetrack.

This is the National Laboratory for Particle Physics of the United Kingdom

Stephanie Hills, Council for Science and Technology

] Due to the length of the tunnel, engineers and scientists of electric bicycles or motorized tricycles move between the input shafts. It is the fastest way to move in the subterranean environment.

The blue pipelines host the world's strongest magnets and superconductors, controlling and controlling two beams of charged protons thrown around the LHC.

The magnets and superconductors are cooled by hundreds of tons of super-cooled helium gas pumped into the tubes.

According to Paul Collier, head of the LHC Beams department, each tube weighs an impressive 36 tonnes.

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CERN and the LHC: Engineers Drive on motorized vehicles or bicycles (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and The LHC: The Hadron Collider is 100 m underground (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and the LHC: There Are Eight Access Waves in the LHC (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

If When the LHC is in operation, the proton beams are accelerated to a fraction of the speed of light, making about 11,245 cycles of the entire circuit per second.

The protons are d ann on one of the LHC's seven collider machines – cathedral-sized experiments in which physicists found traces of primal particles using sophisticated detectors.

When the protons collide at high speeds, the scientists reestablish the conditions of the early days. The universe is supposed to break down the protons and see what new particles are created.

The four most important experiments at CERN are the A Toroidal LHC Apparatus (ATLAS), the LHC Beauty (LHCb), a Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE). and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CM S).

ATLAS and the CMS were the two individuals responsible for uncovering the Higgs Boson 2012.

  CERN and the LHC: CERN Facilities

CERN and the LHC: Scientists Measure Their Personal Radiation Exposure Once a Month (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and the LHC: Scientists from around the world work tirelessly at CERN (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and LHC: Engineers Design Upgrades for the LHC for 2021 [Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY] [Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY]

The CMS is a large-scale general purpose detector that studies the standard model of particle physics as well as extradimensional and dark mat r sciences.

The machine is built around a monstrous magnet through which various detectors run like the layers of an onion.

The LHCb, on the other hand, focuses on investigating the properties of the so-called beauty quad or b quark.

In March of this year, the LCHb reported the world's first discovery of a pentaquark particle belonging to a mysterious particle family known as exotic hadrons.

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<p><span class= CERN and the LHC: The LHCb Experiment (above) and the CMS Experiment (below)) (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

Today the experiments are disabled and undergo major repairs and upgrades that will be used for the next trial of the

Operations at CERN include three-year jet operations, or runs, followed by two years of upgrading, maintenance, repairs, and data analysis.

T It is expected that the LHC for Run Three will return to sometime in the summer of 2021 At this point in time, each of the seven colliders will be upgraded for more intense experiments.

Physicists at CERN refer to this upgrade as high brightness resulting in more collisions and more particles.

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CERN and the LHC: The Control Room for the LHCb Experiment (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

  CERN and the LHC: CERN Facilities

CERN and the LHC: The Hadron Collider runs for three years, followed by a two year break (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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<p><span class= CERN and the LHC: CERN laboratories are inventing new technologies (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

To date, the LHC is the only plant of its kind in the world capable of producing the Higgs boson.

And the scientists hope to discover a greater variety of hopes of rarely seen particles such as the short-lived pentaquark of the LHCb experiment or even a glimpse of the extremely elusive dark matter.

Whatever each of the experiments could achieve, without all this would not have been possible. Global financial contributions and tireless work of physicists at CERN.

The UK itself was a founding member of the 1954 co-operation, and ground-breaking accelerator work done at places like Swansea University in Wales was invaluable for the development of the LHC.

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CERN and the LHC: The CMS collider was found the Higgs boson along with ATLAS in 2012 (Ima ge: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

<img class = "lazy "src =" https://cdn.images.express.co.uk/img/dynamic/151/590x/secondary/CERN-Geneva-LHC-pictures-large-hadron-collider-photos-CMS-ATLAS-Higgs- boson-1845615.jpg? r = 1556441111481 "alt =" CERN and the LHC: CMS Detector Part "title =" CERN and the LHC: CMS Detector Part "data-w =" 590 "data-h =" 393 "CERN and the LHC: A prototype of a particle detector for the CMS (Image: SEBASTIAN KETTLEY)

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. Great Britain continues to play an important role in everything that happens at CERN with key technologies and technologies provided by UK-based universities and companies.

Physicists like Dave Barney, who works on the CMS collider, are currently working on prototyping and developing a new type of particle detector to enter the CMS's Electronic Calorimeter (ECAL).

In another CMS facility across the street, magnet expert and engineer Gl Kirby has a hands-on role in developing new magnets for high luminance upgrade.

For this reason, Stephanie Hills of the SFTC said, "This is the National Laboratory of Particle Physics in the UK."


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