PARIS – Leaders of Libya's rival factions agreed Tuesday to work together to create a legal framework for the presidential and parliamentary elections this December, which France's president is bringing to bring stability to Libya and the influx of migrants Curbing Europe
It was the last of many international efforts to find a political solution to the chaos that plagued Libya since the fall of Colonel Muammar el-Gaddafi in 2011. But analysts said the electoral plan was extremely optimistic and that the deal, as with previous efforts, ran the risk of being undermined by the resistance of armed groups on the ground.
Under the terms of the agreement, Libyan leaders will set election rules by mid-September, hold the vote on 1
The power in Libya is spread over two rival governments in the east and west of the country and a multitude of armed groups (19659005) President Emmanuel Macron of France described the agreement as "historic" and essential to the "security and stability of the Libyan people ". The French president has tried to play a role for himself as a mediator in the Middle East and as a proponent of multilateral agreements
Leadership in the same room is an achievement, analysts said, but its implementation into concrete efforts to curb and rein in armed groups stabilizing the country remains a daunting task
As a sign of the impending difficulties, none of the leaders in Paris signed the agreement of Tuesday. When asked about it, Mr. Macron said that the leaders wanted to talk to their supporters at home about it. But then he cut through the diplomatic language to acknowledge a bigger problem.
"They have the presidents of institutions that do not recognize each other," said Mr. Macron. "Everybody denied the existence of the institutions that supported the others and their legitimacy, which is the difficulty of Libya's current situation in recent months."
Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj of the United Nations was one of the party leaders in Paris United Nations supported unity government in Tripoli; Gen. Khalifa Hifter, whose troops control much of the country; Khalid Mishri, the newly elected Head of the Supreme State Council, who is an advisory body to the Government of the National Accord under the leadership of Mr. Sarraj; and Aguila Saleh Issa, Speaker of the House of Representatives in Tobruk
also included United Nations representatives at the conference, who have been working with a larger group on a plan to pass a new constitution, elections and stability meeting in Paris, as well Representatives from 20 countries, including Libya's neighbors as well as regional and western powers.
"Today's meeting was inclusive," said Dorothée Schmid, Head of the Middle East and North Africa Section of the French Institute for International Relations. "France supports the UN process and that is progress," she said, noting that when Mr. Macron started his efforts in Libya last year, he did not work with other countries and organizations.
"Libya remains a fragmented polity with several potential spoilers," it said. "These four people do not grasp the ideological, tribal and political trenches that run through the country and have actually done much to deepen them."
Claudia Gazzini, who studies Libya for the International Crisis Group, commented on the Libyan constitution Englisch: emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 120 & lang = en. Emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 263 & lang = DE The President 's office is not included in the new Constitution not yet been submitted in a referendum. For example, an election date could be controversial on 10 December.
"We'll have to see what the constituencies say," said Ms Gazzini.
Misurata faction in western Libya declined an invitation The Paris meeting said it would not be treated like other delegations.
France and other European countries want to stabilize Libya to stop the influx of migrants leaving Libya's shores for Europe. Libyan seaports near Tripoli are just 180 miles from the Italian island of Lampedusa. While the influx of migrants has slowed in recent years, thousands are still coming to Europe via dangerous smuggling networks.
The United States has taken a subordinate role in Libya's political process in recent years, focusing instead on anti-terrorism operations against militants from the Islamic State and other extremist groups. In 2016, the United States carried out nearly 500 air strikes on the coastal town of Surt as part of a Libyan military operation that drove the Islamic State out of the city.
Under the Trump administration, the United States has carried out at least nine air strikes on targets in the lawless southern deserts of the country.
Declan Walsh contributed reports from Cairo.