Russian researchers found liquid blood and urine in the frozen carcass of a foal that died 42,000 years ago in the Verkhoyansk region of Siberia.
The animal's body fluids were taken during an autopsy and tested in hopes of cloning the extinct species Semyon Grigoriev, director of the Mammoth Museum at Northeastern Federal University (NEFU) in Yakutsk.
Mammoth tusk hunters discovered the old foal, which was embedded in the permafrost of the massive Batagaika crater in the summer of 2018, dropped to -67.8 degrees Celsius (-90 degrees Fahrenheit).
Grigoriev emailed CNN that the foal was apparently only two weeks old when it died, probably by drowning in the mud, which then became part of the permafrost. 1
The conservation of the animal's fur was extremely rare, Grigoriev said, before adding, "Now we can say what color the wool was the extinct horses of the Pleistocene."
The discovery of liquid blood and urine is still less common. Grigoriev said he only knew of another case in which liquid blood was found in a Pleistocene animal that lasted about 2.6 million years ago until about 11,700 years ago. It was in the frozen carcass of an adult mammoth that Grigoriev's team had discovered in May 2013 on Little Lyakhovsky Island off the northeast coast of Russia.
"In the ancient animal remains, the blood usually coagulates from the Ice Age, it seems to be good, even if the carcass is preserved," explained Grigoriev. "This is due to the mummification process when moisture and other biological fluids gradually evaporate over millennia, even if the remains are in permafrost, and the remains are best preserved when they are in ice, as was the case with our mammoth . " [19659002GrigorievsaidthatNEFUspecialistshadcollaboratedwithexpertcontroversialSouthKoreanSamoBiotechResearchFoundationstocultivatethecellsoftheclonesfortheClonesbutfortheirpessimisticodds
Sooam is headed by scientist Hwang Woo-suk. who claimed in 2004 that he had successfully cloned human embryonic stem cells before admitting that he had falsified his findings.
"I think that even the unique blood [of] is absolutely hopeless for cloning, since the main blood cells – the red blood cells or erythrocytes – have no nuclei with DNA," said Grigoriev. "We [are] are trying to find intact cells in muscle tissue and internal organs that are also very well preserved."
The old horse will be exhibited from June to September 2020 throughout Japan as part of the Mammoth exhibition.  The-CNN-Wire ™ and © 2018 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner company. All rights reserved.