A low-carbohydrate diet could reduce the risk of diabetes, heart disease and strokes, even if people do NOT lose weight through savings on bread, potatoes and pasta.
- Ohio State University researchers tested a low carbohydrate diet on 16 people.  It has been thought that weight loss causes the health benefits of diet changes.
- But people's blood lipid and cholesterol levels were lowered during a low-carbohydrate diet.
- And the metabolic syndrome was stopped in more than half of the participants.  By Sam Blanchard, Senior Health Reporter at Mailonline
A low carb diet could make you healthier, even if you do not lose weight, as a study found.
Researchers People discovered could reduce their risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke by simply reducing carbohydrates.
The metabolic syndrome, a combination of high blood pressure, obesity, and high levels of fat and sugar in the blood, could be reversed by dietary changes.
And people can take advantage of a healthier diet, even if they consume the same amount of calories and lose weight, the study said.
A low carbohydrate diet is one Diet where carbohydrate-rich foods such as potatoes, pasta, cereals, and processed foods can be replaced with more fruits, vegetables, meat, and nuts.
Ohio State University studied 16 people with metabolic syndrome – the most common disease affects about one Third of American adults and a quarter of British.
People with a waist circumference greater than 37 inches (94 cm) for men or 31.5 inches (80 cm) for men women are at greater risk for a metabolic syndrome.
A diagnosis is usually made when someone has three out of five major signs, including the big waist, high blood lipid content and a blood pressure of over 140 / 90mmHg (120/80) the upper end of normal) or insulin resistance.
However, in their study, scientists in Ohio found that the metabolic syndrome was reversed in more than half of those who changed their diet.
This reversal was observed in five males and four females. although none of them lose weight.
"There is no doubt that people with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes perform better on low-carbohydrate diets," said Professor Jeff Volek.
WHAT IS METABOLIC SYNDROME?
The metabolic syndrome is a group of diseases. Preventable health problems that together increase a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes or heart disease, or having a stroke.
Someone may be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if they have three or more of the following problems:
- A waist size of 37 inches (94 cm) or more for men or 31.5 inches (80 cm) for women  High blood lipid levels and low scores for & # 39; good & # 39; Cholesterol
- Blood pressure of constant 140 / 90mmHg or higher (120/80 is the upper end of normal)
- Inability to control blood sugar (insulin) resistance)
- Increased risk of blood clots or inflammation  The metabolic syndrome is usually caused by lack of exercise or physical activity or a poor diet.
The disease is not unstoppable and can be prevented or reversed by losing weight, exercising regularly and eating healthily and stopping smoking and drinking.
"But they usually lose weight and one of the prevailing thoughts is that weight loss drives the improvement. This was clearly not the case here.
"We believe that restricting carbohydrates without weight loss improves a variety of metabolic problems."
"Obviously, the quality of nutrition plays a role, since the amount was limited in this experiment. 19659010] Study participants each consumed one low-carbohydrate, medium or high-carbohydrate diet for one month with a break of two weeks each.
The low carbohydrate diet was limited to 45 grams of carbs per day – equivalent to about two slices of white bread.
At moderate nutrition, the limit was 234 g, and at high carbohydrate diet, 420 g.
The four-person metabolic syndrome was reversed even during the moderate diet – the researchers said it was because they had previously eaten so many carbohydrates.
High-carbohydrate foods include bread, potatoes, pasta, cereals, sugary foods, chips and crackers, and beer.
Lowering carbohydrate intake made cholesterol levels healthier and blood less saturated – even though the diet contained more fat.
Participants' blood pressure and physical performance The use of insulin did not improve, but they burned body fat more efficiently.
If allowed to lose weight as well, the researchers believe that more of them have lost the metabolic syndrome.
Professor Volek added: "Even a modest restriction in carbohydrates is enough to reverse the metabolic syndrome in some people, but others need to limit it even more."
The Dairy Association funded by the National Dairy Council and the Netherlands was published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight.