The Maldivian police said they had arrested a former vice president who sought asylum in India while fleeing the Indian Ocean archipelago to avoid questioning the misappropriation of state funds.
The move took place after India refused the 37-year-old entry.
Adeeb arrived Thursday with a tug in the Indian port of Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu. He sought asylum after the Indian authorities refused to let him off because he did not have a valid travel document.
The former vice president and nine members of the ship Virgo 9 were handed over to the Maldives on Saturday by the Indian Coast Guard at their sea border in the Indian Ocean, Indian police sources said.
"They were handed over to the authorities early Saturday," a senior police officer in the port city of Tamil Nadu told AFP on condition of anonymity.
Adeeb spent three years in prison for money laundering and attempting to kill then President Abdulla Yameen in 201
In May, an appeals court overturned Adeeb's sentences and ordered retrial, citing political interference in the convictions. The prosecution appealed the verdict in the case of money laundering and the Supreme Court seized Adeeb's passport until a new decision was made.
He was released in mid-July.
The prosecution has also prosecuted Adeeb as a witness in a money laundering lawsuit against his former boss Yameen.
The couple dropped out after a mysterious explosion on Yameen's speedboat in September 2015. The then president was able to escape the blast unscathed, but his wife and two aides were injured. He was brought to justice, initially for corruption in connection with the theft of nearly $ 80 million from state coffers leased to tourism in popular holiday destinations and later on charges of killing Yameen.
The following year He was sentenced to 33 years in prison for corruption and terrorism.
FBI officials who helped with the investigation said they found no explosives in the boat, and Adeeb's prison was criticized as politically motivated. the Maldives "for fear of his life".
In a statement on Saturday, Cadman said the new government in the Maldives uses Adeeb "as a political farmer". The lawyer said the authorities forced Adeeb "to sign an agreement that would criminalize members of the previous administration and deprive them of the necessary medical care until the agreement was signed."
The Maldivian police said Adeeb should have appeared on Wednesday before the investigators, in connection with the misappropriation of state funds, but had not appeared.
The police have announced that they will take action against anyone who helped Adeeb to leave the Maldives.
Al Jazeera and news agencies