Mars, with its distinctive rust-red appearance, has long fascinated humanity. And interest in the Red Planet is only increasing as technological advances make a manned mission to Mars all the more likely. Therefore, astronomers are increasingly interested in Earth's nearest neighbor – and NASA researchers have just discovered the amazing consequences of a catastrophic meteor impact.
The enormous meteor impact was strong enough to penetrate the ice on the southern ice cap of Mars.
And remarkable images, which were beamed back by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), show that the resulting debris splashes into a conspicuous pattern.
NASA's High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera has shown a unique result. Two Tone "Blast Impact.
"The impact hit the ice and the blast pattern sounds the order," said HiRISE co-investigator Ross Beyer.
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"When an impactor touches the ground, there is an enormous amount of force like an explosion.
The larger, lighter colored blast pattern could do this. Be the result of wind cleaning from the impact shock wave.
It is believed that the larger, brighter explosion pattern is most likely the result of cleaning the winds from the impact shock wave.
The incredibly detailed images of the fresh craters were taken hundreds of miles from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter adopted]
The University of Arizona-managed, high-performance HiRISE camera is one of six MRO instruments.
NASA has been orbiting the Red Planet since 2006.
Asteroids and comet fragments are usually no larger than one to two meters in diameter.
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This is about ten times smaller than the meteor that occurred in February 2013 About Chelyabinsk exploded in Russia.
And the craters created by these asteroids are about four meters wide on average.
The 200-year-a-year space-rock impact rate for Mars has been calculated for part of the 248 new Mars craters of the past decade.
In November, NASA announced its selection of the location where the Mars 2020 Rover will land on the Red Planet.
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It is expected that the Rover the Mars surf reaches Ass on February 18, 2021.
NASA's long-term goal is to send a manned mission to Mars in the 2030s.
However, former astronaut Buzz Aldrin considers a later target date of 2040 to be more realistic.
In an interview in 2016, the astronaut Gemini 12 and Apollo 11 said that by 2040, astronauts could visit the moon moon Phobos of Mars, which would serve as a springboard for the Red Planet.
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