Medieval medicine is full of shocking remedies, such as brain surgery for the treatment of pre-eclampsia. But scientists think that explains the remains of a woman discovered in Imola, Bologna, in Italy. Although archaeologists unearthed the remains of women in 2010, scientists have recently given an explanation for their death – and why a fetus was partially born after his funeral, a condition known as postmortem fetal extrusion or coffin birth.
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At that time archaeologists found that the woman lived around the 7th and 8th centuries AD, according to ScienceAlert. A hole in her head indicated that she had received an ancient surgical procedure known as trepanation. According to the University of California Santa Barbara, this surgery usually removes a piece of the skull with a scraping tool, and it has been used to treat a variety of ailments including head injuries, heartbreak and depression.
A fetus was also found, his head between the woman's thighs, his legs still in her pelvic area, appearing as if he had been partially born.
Archaeologists have a ghastly & nbsp; Coffin birth discovered & # 39; in a medieval grave https://t.co/kc1yYF92wy
— ScienceAlert (@ScienceAlert) March 26, 2018
In an article recently published in World Neurosurgery researchers attempt to solve the mystery surrounding the bizarre placement of the fetus. As reported by ScienceAlert, a team from the University of Ferrara and the University of Bologna in Italy believed that the woman was between 25 and 35 years old when she died. The fetus is estimated at about 38 weeks, which means that the mother was close to dying just before dying.
Scientists think the woman received trepanation to treat pregnancy-related problems, which led to her death. Although scientists are not entirely sure how coffin birth works-theories are not proven-OB / GYN Jen Gunter, based in the San Francisco Bay Area, explains Forbes what doctors think causes the phenomenon.  "I suspect that the pressure builds up from the gas and the dead fetus is released by a rupture – it basically blows a hole through the uterus into the vagina because the vagina is much thinner than the cervix," she said told the publication.