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Home / Science / Meet the 'Antarctic king,' at unlikely fossil from 250 million years ago

Meet the 'Antarctic king,' at unlikely fossil from 250 million years ago



Bone points and pierced teeth found in Denisova Cave were dated to the early Upper Paleolithic. 300,000 years ago.

This artist's illustration shows a marine reptile similar to a platypus hunting at dusk.

Although it's hard to spot, researchers found spots of lapis lazuli pigment, called ultramarine, in the dental plaque on the lower jaw of a medieval woman.

A Neanderthal fossil, left, and a modern human skeleton.

The world's oldest figurative artwork from Borneo has been dated to 40,000 years ago when human beings were living on what's now known as Earth's third-largest island.

A 250,000-year-old Neanderthal child's tooth contains an unprecedented record of the seasons of birth, nursing, illness and lead exposures.

An artist's illustration shows giant nocturnal elephant birds foraging in the ancient forests of Madagascar at night. A new study suggests that the now-extinct birds were nocturnal and blind.

Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil recovered to date. It was uncovered in Israel's Kebara Cave, where other Neanderthal remains have been found.

The world's oldest intact shipwreck was found by a research team in the Black Sea. It's a Greek trading vessel that was dated to 400 BC. The ship was surveyed and digitally mapped by two remote underwater vehicles.

This fossil represents a new piranha-like fish from the Jurassic period with sharp, pointed teeth. It's probably on the fins of other fishes.

Cary Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.

Two small bones from the Ciemna Cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found in the country. The condition of the bones thus suggests that the child was eaten by a large bird.

This is the Ledumahadi mafube foraging in the Early Jurassic of South Africa. Heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur, can also be seen in the foreground.

A 73,000-year-old red cross-hatch pattern was drawn on a flake of silicrete, which forms when sand and gravel cement together, and found in a Cave in South Africa.

A suite of Middle Neolithic pottery including typical Danilo ware, figulina and rhyta that is used to hold meat, milk, cheese and yogurt.

These four dinosaurs showcase the evolution of alvarezsaurs. From Left, Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia reveal the lengthening of the jaws,

Eorhynchochelys sinensis is an early turtle that lived 228 million years ago.

The leg bones of a 7-year-old, recovered from an ancient Roman cemetery, show bending and deformities associated with rickets.

The famed Easter Island statues, called moai , were originally full-body figures that have been partially covered over the passage of time.

Researchers stood at the excavation site of Aubrey Hole 7, where they were harvested at Stonehenge to be studied. New research suggests that 40% of 25 individuals were buried at Stonehenge ̵

1; they were transported from West Wales and helped build it.

The fossil of the newly discovered armored dinosaur Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.

The foot is one of a partial skeleton of a 3.32 million-year-old skeleton of Australopithecus afarensis child dubbed Selam.

The asteroid impact that caused dinosaurs to go extinct so destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few ground-dwelling birds that survived the toxic environment and mass extinction.

The remains of a butchered rhinoceros are helping researchers to date when early humans reached the Philippines. They found a 75% complete skeleton of a rhinoceros that was clearly butchered, with 13 of its bones showing cut marks and areas where bone was struck to release marrow, at the Kalinga archaeological site on the island of Luzon.

This is just one of 26 individuals found at the site of a fifth-century massacre on the Swedish island of Öland. This adolescent was found lying on his side, which suggests a slower death. Other skeletons found in the homes and streets of Sandby borg show signs of sudden death by blows to the head.

The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus were found in a brick coffin dated to medieval Italy. Her skull shows an example of neurosurgery, and her child is extruded after death in a rare "coffin birth."

This portion of a whale skull was found at the Calaveras Dam construction site in California, along with at least 19 others.

A Stone Age cow skull shows trepanation, a hole in the cranium.

On the left is a fossilized skull of our hominin ancestor Homo heidelbergensis, who lived 200,000 to 600,000 years ago. On the right is a modern human skull. Hominins had pronounced brow ridges, but modern humans evolved mobile eyebrows as their face shape became smaller.

On the left is a 13,000-year-old footprint as found in the sediment on Calvert Island, off the Canadian Pacific coast. On the right is a digitally enhanced image, showing details of the footprint.

A central platform at Star Carr in North Yorkshire, England, which was excavated by a research team studying past climate change events at the Middle Stone Age site. The Star Carr site is home to the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and built structures in Britain.

Archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but new

This wall with paintings is located in the La Pasiega Cave in Spain , The ladder shape of red horizontal and vertical lines is more than 64,000 years old and was made by Neanderthals.

These perforated shells were found in Spain's Cueva de los Aviones Sea Cave and lasted 115,000 and 120,000 years ago. Researchers believe that served as a body ornamentation for Neanderthals.

The earliest modern human fossil has been recovered in Israel. At least 50,000 years earlier than previously believed. The upper jawbone, with several teeth, which was recovered in a prehistoric cave site.

This is an excavated structure at the northern edge of the Grand Plaza at Teposcolula-Yucundaa in Oaxaca, Mexico. Researchers investigated a "pestilence" cemetery associated with a devastating 1545-1550 epidemic. Recent analysis suggests that salmonella caused a typhoid fever epidemic.

Standing over 4 feet tall, early human ancestor Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a wide, dish-like face. It is most well-known for having big teeth and hard chewing muscles.


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