The Mexican presidential elections are held every six years, and since 1
. 1 They are the biggest choice in Mexican history
Not only are 88 million Mexicans eligible to vote but also a record number of races.
Most of all, this is observed for the top job, the presidency.
- On 1 July
- the winner will replace President Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
- In Mexico, the presidents are limited to a single six-year term, leaving Mr. Peña Nieto out of office
- Surveys suggest that the left candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador has a big lead over the rest of the field
- Three other candidates are in the running: the conservative candidate Ricardo Anaya, the governing party candidate José Antonio Meade and the independent Jaime Rodríguez
According to Mexico's National Electoral Institute, there are a total of 18,000 elected posts.
All seats in Congress, both in the lower house and in the Senate, are available. There will be elections for the State Congress and mayors in 30 Mexican states.
In addition, residents of eight states and in Mexico City will cast their votes for governors.
So whoever wins and who wins, there will be changes at the federal, regional and local levels.
. 2 Mexico could make a difference at the top
Since 1929, when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was founded, it dominated Mexican politics. For 71 years, from 1929 to 2000, its presidents ruled the country uninterruptedly.
In 2000, his traditional rival, the conservative National Action Party (PAN), came to power. For the next 12 years – first under President Vicente Fox and then under Felipe Calderón – the PAN was in the lead.
In those years, the Mexican government declared a "war on drugs" and the victims in the battle against Mexico's drug launched powerful cartels.
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Neither the PAN nor the PRI, which won the 2012 election with its candidate Enrique Peña Nieto, were able to bring the violence under control ,
What is different in 2018 is that a candidate who does not come from either the PRI or the PAN will win. He is Andrés Manuel López Obrador, a 64-year-old left-wing politician who says he will "revolutionize" Mexican politics.
A victory for him would be a political earthquake in a country where almost all voters alive today are never governed by a president who came from neither the PRI nor the PAN
3. Mexico counts
Mexico surprised football fans worldwide when their team showed their weaknesses in the opening match of the World Cup. The happy celebrations of the fans have become legendary.
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But Mexico is much more than the sombrero and likes to mask his passionate fans.
It is the second largest economy in Latin America and an important oil exporter. However, the Mexican economy suffers from widespread corruption and the high level of violence that has plagued the country has led some companies to withdraw from the worst affected areas.
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Growth has slowed down and many Mexicans are angry that President Peña Nieto has not done more to boost the economy.
Mexico was also in the international news for two more reasons: the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) and migration. Both are important to their powerful northern neighbor, the US.
. 4 It is the country that Trump loves to beat and Mexico strikes back
While US President Donald Trump managed to alienate some nationalities, Mexicans have come for more abuse than most.
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During his campaign, he said that Mexicans who come to the US "bring drugs." He added, "They bring crime, they are rapists, and some, I suppose, are good people."
In order to keep away the "evil Hombres", he proposes to build a wall on the US-Mexican border, which is to pay Mexico.
Lately, he has criticized Mexico for not doing enough to prevent Mesoamerican migrants crossing Mexico on their way to the United States.
Who will be the next Mexican president and how he deals with President Trump and his plans to renegotiate Nafta and build a border wall will therefore be a key to US-Mexican relations.
The candidate most critical of Trump during his election campaign is Andrés Manuel López Obrador, also known as "Amlo".
He said he would "see reason" to Mr. Trump and his loyalty opposition to the US president has won him extra voters, analysts say.
But regarding the separation of children from their parents at the US border, conservative candidate Ricardo Anaya went even further than Mr López Obrador and said: "It reminds me of what the Nazis did during the Second World War.  Image copyright
The President of the ruling party, José Antonio Meade, has also addressed President Trump. He condemned the tariffs that the US recently imposed on Mexican steel.
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In a tweet he warned: "Do not play with Mexico, we will defend our jobs, our markets and our workers."
5. It was a deadly year
The elections took place against a backdrop of record violence. Official figures indicate that more than 25,000 people were killed in Mexico in 2017.
Politicians are far from immune. Between September, when the candidate applications began, and the end of the June 28 election campaign, 133 politicians were killed, according to a consulting firm
Most fatalities ran for local government offices and conducted campaigns in areas where drug cartels often exert more power and influence than local law enforcement agencies, or where local law enforcement agencies collaborate with the gangs.
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One thing many voters would like to see an end to violence. How to achieve that will be the biggest challenge for the candidate, who will be sworn in as Mexico's next leader on December 1, 2018.