Secure centers for migrants can be set up in EU countries to handle asylum applications under an agreement Marathon talks at a summit in Brussels
Controlled centers would be established by EU Member States on a voluntary basis and migrants, whose claims were rejected would be "returned".
Refugees could be relocated to EU countries
According to the Coast Guard, about 1
They were found in waters east of the capital, Tripoli
There were none Details about where countries could set up safe havens or take in refugees, French President Emmanuel Macron said the centers would be in countries where migrants first arrived in the EU.
"We have found the right balance between responsibility and solidarity," he said.
The numbers illegally entering the EU have fallen by 96% since their peak in 2015, according to the European Council.
Italy – the access point for thousands of migrants, mainly from Africa – had threatened to block the entire summit agenda if it did not receive assistance.
"After this European summit, Europe is more responsible and offers more solidarity, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said." Italy is no longer alone today. "
But German Chancellor Angela Merkel said more needs to be done
By Adam Fleming, BBC News, Brussels
A few things stand out as victories for Italy's new Prime Minister, and the conclusions of the summit now include an explanation of the need for boats […] but the big one is the acceptance of the concept of closed, safe processing facilities for migrants coming to the EU, some say that would make it easier to send people back whose asylum applications are being rejected, others have already described them as prisons. 19659004] This paragraph contains numerous reservations, commas and subsections – all hallmarks of a text written in the middle of the night.
Another striking promise is an ambitious partnership with Africa. This is the EU's attempt to reconcile its harsh internal approach with a friendly external approach and to give North African countries incentives to host facilities where migrants can be assessed for resettlement in Europe.
The 28 EU leaders also agreed on several other measures:
- Reinforcing controls at the external borders and promoting financing for Turkey and North Africa
- exploring the possibility of "regional disembarkation platforms" that target the business model of people smuggling by processing refugees and migrants outside the EU. However, the inclusion of North African countries in such centers could be very difficult, and Morocco rejected on Thursday the idea
- of Member States' internal measures to abolish migrants within the EU who undermine asylum policy and freedom of movement under the agreement Schengen tourist area [MoreinvestmentinAfricatohelpthecontinentachieve"substantialsocio-economicchange"sothatpeoplenolongerleadabetterlife
- further work on the reform of EU asylum policy, including changes to the so-called Dublin Regulation requiring migrants to be considered as asylum seekers in the first safe country they come to
Whose need does the deal make?
Mr. Conte had previously taken the rare step of blocking the conclusions of the joint communiqué up to the leaders had solved the migration problem. Both Italy and Greece want to share the burden with other countries.
However, several Central European states have rejected an EU settlement to relocate 160,000 refugees from overcrowded camps in Greece and Italy
Chancellor Angela Merkel has said that the migration problem could be a crucial moment for the EU – but it also needed it the summit to avert a political crisis at home that could topple their government.
Interior Minister Horst Seehofer, of her Bavarian coalition partner CSU, had set her a deadline for this weekend. He has threatened to migrate migrants who have already registered at the border in his home state.
Without the CSU, Mrs. Merkel would lose her parliamentary majority.
After the talks, she told the EU the EU "There was still much to do to bridge the different views."
Around 56,000 migrants have arrived in Europe this year, says the International Organization for Migration. More than 1 million people arrived in 2015.
The tensions this month against the entry of migrant ships into Italian ports – most recently the German aid ship Lifeline – have put the issue back into the EU's focus. After intensive diplomacy between several EU states, which agreed to take some of the migrants on board, they were allowed only enter Malta. Malta said that Norway has now agreed to take a share.