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By Maggie Fox
People who oppose immigration often argue that migrants bring diseases and that they are then burdening the health systems in their new countries so ill.
But that's not true, argued a team of experts in a new report released Wednesday.
In fact, they point out that immigrants make up a significant part of the healthcare workforce in their new homelands
"There is no evidence that migrants spread disease," said Drs. Paul Spiegel, who heads the Center for Humanitarian Health at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. "This is a false argument to keep migrants out," Spiegel told NBC News.
"Contrary to current political narratives that identify migrants as carriers of disease that affect society, migrants are an integral part of US economic stability," added Terry McGovern, the Department of Population and Family Health at Columbia University.
McGovern and Spiegel were among the 24 commissioners working on a two-year project to investigate whether migration spreads disease and examines the impact that migrants have on health. The latest study, published in the medical journal Lancet, finds that migration benefits economies. She also notes that people use myths to fight migration.
"In too many countries, the problem of migration is used to divide societies and push a populist agenda," said Lancet editor Richard Horton.
"With a billion." People on the move, growing populations in many regions of the world and the rising aspirations of a new generation of young people, migration can not go away: migrants tend to make a greater contribution to the economy than they cost and how we shape their health and the well-being of today will affect our societies for generations to come. "
About a quarter of the one billion migrants move from one country to another, with the remainder moving internally, according to the report.
The two-year study found that international migrants are less likely to have heart disease, cancer, respiratory disease, and others Diseases die as humans in their host countries, with the exceptions being hepatitis, tuberculosis and HIV, and the study also found that these infections are generally spread only within the affected immigrant communities and not for the wider population.
Conditions in refugee camps and detention centers can lead to undervaluation and the spread of infectious diseases, according to Spiegel. "It is not the migration of migrants or disease that spreads disease. It may be the situation they are in and the lack of access to primary care can aggravate the situation, "he said.
Regarding fears that immigrants will outnumber their populations, the study found that in six European countries In addition, it has been reported in a number of reports that immigrants make up a significant proportion of healthcare workers, including the United States, in a Tuesday American Medical Journal Association's published report found that 16 percent of health workers in the US were born, including 29 percent of physicians, 16 percent of registered nurses, 20 percent of pharmacists, 24 percent of dentists and 23 percent of caregivers, psychiatry and the domestic health.
In Großb In the UK, 37 percent of doctors were trained in another country. "In addition to being a burden, migrants are more likely to promote services by providing medical care, teaching children, caring for the elderly and supporting understaffed services," said the Lancet, who sponsored the report with University College London. Nonetheless, migrants are often mistreated for unfounded fears.
The Trump administration has, for example, proposed barriers to make it difficult for immigrants who are already in the US to legally obtain visas or green cards if they are doing so, Medicaid, food stamps or social housing. Medical groups, including the American Medical Association, have spoken out against politics, saying it will cost taxpayers more, as people are not receiving early health care and will end up becoming sicker than they would otherwise.
"Nursing can aggravate medical conditions This has led to sick patients and more confidence in hospital emergency rooms, which in turn could increase the cost to all care buyers," said American Polling Association President Rick Pollack Statement.
Research has already shown that many immigrants are fearing to report themselves out of fear of public services – even if they are legally resident in the US.
Other policies can worsen mental health and have long term implications.
"The Separation of Migrant Children Their parents cause long term mental harm – and are a cruel and unnecessary aspect of US policy," said McGovern. "The criminalization and detention of migrants seeking an internationally sheltered sanctuary violates international law and poses a greater risk to ill health."
It is better for the host countries to take care of immigrants and asylum seekers, according to Spiegel.
] "Migration is taking place and will take place in any case," he said.
"Racism and prejudice should be confronted with a zero tolerance approach," the report recommends. "Public leaders and elected officials have a political, social and legal responsibility to counter xenophobia and racism that cause prejudice and marginalization of migrants."