Even as the leaders spoke on Friday, the Libyan Coast Guard said about 100 migrants were missing at sea, many feared dead after their boat capsized off the coast of Libya
The agreement also aims to make the The role of non-governmental organizations, which have transported migrants away from the Libyan coast and have often saved their lives, to Europe, an important pull factor in the migration wave. It would require that the authorities not involve the Libyan Coast Guard in their efforts to control human trafficking.
MSF, a medical aid organization conducting rescue missions in the Mediterranean, reacted bitterly. "The policy of European governments condemns migrants to terrorism detention in Libya or drowning," the group said in a statement on Friday.
Leonard Doyle, a spokesperson for The International Organization for Migration, said she was "very pleased with the solidarity and consensus" that emerged from the summit, especially with frontline states such as Italy.
Charles Michel, the Belgian Prime Minister, praised the agreement
"This is a victory against the business model of human smugglers," said Michel. "It shows the will – even if there are nuances between us, sometimes even differences between us – in trying to find responsible European solutions to the challenge of migration, the fight for the freedom of movement of people in Europe and Europe to protect the external borders of Europe . "