Tens of thousands of demonstrators poured into the streets of Khartoum and elsewhere in mass rallies to pressure the ruling Sudan's generals, hand over power to a civilian-led government, and pay justice to the numerous victims of a deadly military to look through.
The demonstrations on Sunday called the "Million Marsh" were the first since the security forces killed more than 100 people on June 3 in the bloody dispersal of a protest camp outside military headquarters, the center of the protests. Long fight for democracy.
Demonstrators who spoke with Al Jazeera, who was banned by the Transitional Military Council (TMC) reporting in the country just days before the resolution of the sit-in, said defiance of one widespread Internet failure, there was a "big stake" in Khartoum.
"They said they wanted to make their demands heard," said Al Jazeera's Hiba Morgan, report from Juba, the capital of neighboring South Sudan.
"People also say that the military and the riot police use tear gas, live ammunition, and stun grenades to disperse the crowd."
& # 39; Civil Reign! # 1
9659007] The images published on social media showed increased security in the capital. The dreaded paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) blamed demonstrators on the murders committed on June 3 in machine gun-mounted vans at several Khartoum sites.
In the northern Khartoum district of Bahari, as well as in Mamura and Arkweit, in the east of the capital, police fired tear gas as thousands of protesters reported "civilian rule, civilian rule!", Witnesses said. In the eastern city of Gadaref, security forces reportedly fired tear gas at demonstrators.
According to reports, a protester had been shot dead in Atbara, the birthplace of the rebellion, leading to the removal of al-Bashir.
– Hiba Morgan (@hiba_morgan) June 30, 2019
The march came when the African Union (AU) and neighboring Ethiopia intensified their efforts to mediate the ongoing crisis between the protest organizers and the TMC took power in April when it overthrew longtime President Omar al-Bashir in mass protests against his autocratic rule.
Rights groups demanded that the TMC ensure the safety of the demonstrators, but on Saturday, the eve of the rallies The ruling generals warned that they would blame the protest movement for any death or damage.
RSF leader Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo warned on Saturday that he would not tolerate "vandalism" during the protests.
"There are vandals There are people who have an agenda, a hidden agenda, we do not want problems," said Dagalo, widely known as Hemeti and also deputy head of TMC.
& # 39; Break Barrier of Fear & # 39;
In the run up to The Protests, which also mark the 30th anniversary of a coup that brought al-Bashir to power in 1989, many Sudanese said they were afraid new violence.
"I expect a lot of numbers … and security forces are very likely to use force," said 25-year-old Mustafa, who just named his first name for security reasons. He planned to attend.
Talal, 29, added: "Even if there are few rallies in Khartoum, they will break the barrier of fear and" bring more people to the streets in the coming days. "
Sudan is preparing for a "million-march" as the protesters regroup (3:13)
The umbrella opposition group behind the protest, the Alliance for Freedom and Change, said demonstrators in Khartoum and his Twinning Omdurman would march to the homes of some of the demonstrators killed on 3 June.
A protest group affiliated to the protest movement said at least 120 people had been killed in the Crackdow, but officials cited a death toll of 61.
The TMC insists that it did not order the bloody spread of the sit-ins, but admitted "excesses" after the order was issued to flush a nearby area allegedly infamous for drug trafficking.
Joint Proposal AU-Ethiopia
Tensions remain high after the sit-in after the collapse of talks over the leadership of a new governing body – a civilian or a soldier.
Ethiopia and the US The AU has proposed a blueprint for a civilian-majority body that, in the view of the generals, could provide a basis for the resumption of talks.
The right of protesters to peacefully protest and express their views on June 30 or at any other time remains the key, "said the European Union.
Kumi Naidoo, Secretary General of Amnesty International said the TMC should "not allow the country to come under pressure again."
"The world is watching. "
Ahead of the overthrow of al-Bashir Tens of thousands of demonstrators have been mobilized via social media, but now protesters must resort to neighborhood campaigns to keep the movement alive.