The release of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) on Monday is amid popular anger over illegal immigration into Assam, which has a translucent border with Bangladesh
Proponents of the register say it will help make illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, but the move has sparked fears of deportation among the hundreds of thousands of Bengali-speaking Muslims in Assam.
The decision to establish a nationwide citizenship register has parallels with the Myanmar Rakhaing state, where Rohingya Muslims have been persecuted for a long time due to their Bangladeshi origin.
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya were displaced across the border into Bangladesh last year as part of a targeted attack known as ethnic cleansing by the United Nations.
The tensions over citizenship have been concocting in Assam for decades and flared up again at the beginning of the year with an attempt by the government to eradicate "Bengalis" and "foreigners".
Many of the state's Bengali communities live in India for decades, which crossed the border to Assam during the bloody Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) independence struggle in 1
971. Many others can trace their history before they reached India's independence in 1947.  Assam is the only state in India to have a citizenship register. Villagers in Assam are lining up to check their names on the first draft of NRC earlier this year. "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01-small-169.jpg "src-xsmall =" / /cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01-medium-plus-169.jpg "src-small =" http: // cdn. cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01-large-169.jpg "src-medium =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam /assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01-exlarge-169.jpg "src-large =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national- register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01-super-169.jpg "src-full16x9 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc -india-assam-01-full-169.jpg "src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/180730184024-national-register-of-citizens-nrc-india-assam-01- small-11.jpg "data-demand-load =" not-loaded "data-eq-pts =" mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781 "/>
In the wake of potential anti-immigrant violence in the course of the publication of the register, security in the entire state was tightened.
Of the country's 32.9 million inhabitants, 28.9 million were recognized as legal citizens.
Assam is the only state in India that has a citizenship register. It was founded in 1951 to identify Indian citizens from illegal immigrants from East Pakistan.
The deadline for admission to Indian citizenship is March 24, 1971, one day before the beginning of the Bangladesh Liberation War
Authorities said that no one will be deported until an appeal is completed. The officials have assured that those who are not on the list can appeal from 30 August to 28 September 2018.
Sanjoy Hazarika, human rights activist and director of the Commonwealth Human Rights, writes in the Economic and Political Week initiative, said it is unclear what will happen to those who may feel stateless.
"While a number of illegal immigrants may emerge through the NRC, there is no clarity about what happens after identification and prosecution: they can not be deported. There is no such agreement between India and Bangladesh Many Hindus and Muslims seem to have founded homes and businesses, schools, farms and factories, such as students and students, "Hazarika said.
"What is the process of treating their cases, are they being pulled away from their homes and from each other, where are they being held, these questions must be answered." ed, "Hazarika added, asking questions that both the Indian and state governments have not dealt with.
Life in the Balance
At a press conference after the final list was launched, Sailesh, the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, tried to calm fears, suggesting that the state government would begin a period of "demands and objections."
"We will wait for the completion of the NRC … It will not prosecute or prosecute, "Sailesh added.
India's Minister of the Interior Rajnath Singh issued a statement on Twitter on July 22," The Citizenship Rules dictate that any person who fails to comply with claims and objections is satisfied, can appeal to the foreigners' court. Thus, it is not questionable whether someone will be sent to a detention center after the release of NRC.
In 1983, hundreds of people in Assam were killed by mobs who wanted to expel Muslim immigrants.
The renewed list updating process began in 2015 under the supervision of the Supreme Court of India.
Names or names of their offspring appearing in the NRC in 1951 will be included in the final draft, which is expected to be published in December 2018.