The Costa Rican Ministry of Health confirmed on Thursday positive measles cases in two out of four American children who got sick earlier this month.
The ministry tested four children aged 3 to 10 years in Cóbano, Puntarenas, who showed measles symptoms after being treated at a regional social security clinic. The parents, who are American citizens and have five other children, have never had their children vaccinated against measles.
Costa Rican child protection agency, Patronato Nacional de la Infancia (PANI) intervened on Thursday, severely interrupting the family of 11 when they live in Cabuya de Cóbano to prevent the spread of the virus.
"The children were treated in the CCSS (Social Security) Cóbano Clinic, have had fevers since March 1
UNKNOWN FRENCH BOY, 5, ISOLATED IN COSTA RICA WITH CONDUCTED CASE OF FAIRS
Costa Rica lays down the National Surveillance Protocol if additional measures must be taken to prevent the spread of the virus. It is believed that the children had the virus from an American visiting the family who left Costa Rica on March 12.
"There will be no measles epidemic in our country," Health Minister Daniel Salas Peraza told Tico Times. "Of course we do not want a child suffering from measles or facing the complications that measles can cause."
The Ministry of Health is investigating who else would have brought the infected children into contact with them, but the children did not attend school Country.
PANI Vice President Patricia Vega said it is in the power of the child welfare service to force children to be vaccinated if they endanger children's health and education rights.  "We have already stated that we must force the children to vaccinate. In this case, we have ordered that the local office initiate a special protection procedure. This means that the PANI visits the family to determine if there is a violation of children's rights. In this case, health and education, "Vega told Q Costa Rica.
The Department of Health said it had no connection between this case and the case of the unvaccinated French 5-year-old male who introduced measles back to the country in February first known case of measles in Costa Rica since 2014.
The measles infection among the two American children is the first autochthonous case in Costa Rica since 2006, that is, these children are the first to have caught the virus in Costa Rica In over a decade, Q Costa Rica reported.
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Measles are a highly contagious viral infection that spreads through the air when an infected person The infection starts with fever, cough, runny nose and red eyes, before a rash of tiny red spots breaks out, according to the US Centers f for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
CDC data reported approximately 500,000 cases Measles were reported annually in the United States before the measles vaccine program was launched in 1963. Of the reported cases, 400 to 500 people died and 48,000 others were hospitalized each year. Measles cases have fallen by 99 percent since widespread acceptance of the vaccine.
The CDC proposes to administer two doses of MMR vaccine to children, starting with the first dose at the age of 12 to 15 months and the second dose at the age of 4 to 6 years.