Astronomers say that they have taken the most detailed view of a "monster galaxy" that produces 1000 times faster stars than the Milky Way.
The galaxies, also called starburst galaxies, are considered ancestors of today's elliptical galaxies. and helped astronomers understand how they came into being.
Researchers at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan found the galaxy called COSMOS-AzTEC-1, which measures 12.4 billion light-years across the globe, contains unstable molecular clouds that make stars faster.
"We found that there are two different large clouds several thousand light-years from the center," said lead author Ken-ichi Tadaki, a postdoctoral fellow at the Japan Society for the Advancement of Science and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. "In the most distant starburst galaxies, stars are actively formed in the middle, so it's surprising to find off-center clouds."
The team used the Atacama Large Millimeter / Submillimeter Array to assemble a map The galaxy is moving.
Researchers estimate that the gas from the galaxy is consumed in 100 million years, ten times faster than other star-forming galaxies.
The study was published in the journal Nature .
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