NASA landed on the moon 50 years ago in the evenings of July 20, 1969. At that time, the Apollo 11 moon landing and its spaceship were a marvel of engineering and science. Half a century later, however, NASA admitted that Apollo's Moon Landers are no longer fit for modern moon research. That's why NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine explained what he expects from Apollo's sister program, Artemis, by 2024.
The NASA chief said: "As part of our current Artemis Moon Exploration Program, we have released a draft call for US industry to think about how they would build an integrated human land system, the first woman and the next man lands on the moon in the next five years?
"If you're wondering why NASA does not simply dust off the Apollo-Lander designs to help them place people on the moon by 2024, they're not alone.
"Yes, we have had a very successful lunar program in the past in which we won the space race, but we have new goals for Artemis, a springboard for Mars. "
The main objective of NASA Artemis is to develop reusable and reliable astronaut lunar landing systems.
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Moon landing: NASA's Jim Bridenstine admitted that Apollo moonlanders are not good enough today
Moon landing: The Apollo lander could only land in the equatorial regions of the moon
When the six Apollo moon landings landed on the moon between 1969 and 1972, all surface exploration became All six landings were made in the same equatorial region, as the Apollo command modules were designed to operate in a single orbit.
As a result, the lunar modules could only land in certain target areas that had only e Twas six percent of the moon include tal surface.
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In five years, NASA wants to be able to land comfortably anywhere on the Moon.  Mr. Bridenstine said, "As we approach the Moon, we want the ability to land wherever we want.
"For this we need a modern land system that we can reuse in space, refuel and work up.
"This system will be stationed in the lunar orbit at the gateway – our command module to support the exploration of robots and humans on the lunar surface and mission to the solar system.
"We will accelerate our return to the moon by 2024 and create a foundation for sustainable human presence by 2028."
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The Lunar Gateway The project will be a small spaceship in lunar orbit constructed as a stop p ointment for future lunar missions.
We need a modern land system that we can reuse, refuel and refurbish in space.
NASA wants the Gateway to act as a springboard to future Mars missions.
According to planned designs, the orbital base will be a five-day voyage from Earth of approximately 250,000 miles (402,336 km).
Mr. Bridenstine said, "We build spaceships to internationally agreed standards so that we are ready for them when our partners start sending their own lunar system.
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"Apollo did not allow that, but with Artemis being our core principle.
"Together, we will use the Moon to validate human safety protocols, technologies, and operating procedures before we make our way to the ultimate human goal: Mars."
The NASA Administrator also said : "We are ready to explore the moon again – this time with advanced technologies, modern spacecraft and more access than ever before.
We use what we learn on the moon, and finally take our next big jump to send astronauts to Mars.
"We are the Artemis generation, and we drive to the moon and beyond. Are you ready?
Brief Facts on NASA's Moon Landing in 1969:
1. The Apollo 11 mission launched from the Kennedy Space Center on July 16, 1969.
2. The astronauts of Apollo 11 had to return after their return Stay quarantined for 21 days.
3. Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins have been honored for their valiant efforts with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
4. The Saturn V rocket with Apollo 11 was shot into space is still the strongest rocket in the world
5th Apollo 11 splashed down on July 24, 1969 in the Pacific Ocean.