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More women die of lung cancer in 2 US "hot spots"



By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

Friday, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) – Lung cancer death rates in women have fallen in many of the United States, but in two regions where smoking has risen more frequently, finds a new study.

The first cluster or "hot spot" includes 669 counties in Appalachia and the Midwest, and the second is 81 counties in the Midwestern North, according to data from the US National Cancer Institute.

Nationwide, the rate of lung cancer death among women fell 6 percent between 1990 and 2015.

But the rate rose 13 percent in the first hot spot and 7 percent in the second during that time, according to the researchers.

"The Midwest and the Appalachian Mountains have the highest prevalence of smoking in women and the lowest percentages of smoking in recent years, so it is not surprising that women in these areas have a discrepancy in the mortality from lung cancer." said study co-author Katherine Ross.

She is a PhD student at the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University in Atlanta.

In 1

990, the death toll from lung cancer among women in the largest hot spot was 4 percent lower than that of women in the rest of the United States. By 2015, it was 28 percent higher, the study found.

For the second hotspot, women's lung cancer death rate was 18 percent lower than elsewhere in 1990, but rose to the same level by 2015 as for non-hotspots.

The study was published in the Journal on March 30 Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention .

Ross warned that geographical differences could worsen if tobacco consumption was not reduced among women in these hotspots.

"There are several effective tobacco control strategies, such as increased excise duties on tobacco and comprehensive smoke-free laws prohibiting smoking in the workplace, restaurants and bars," said Ross in a press release from the magazine.

"However, many states in our identified trouble spots either do not have these measures, or they are comparatively weak and could be strengthened."

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention Press Release, March 30, 2018



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