While the unemployment rate in Morocco is reaching a dangerous high, the agency Millennium Challenge Account-Morocco (MCA-Morocco) is launching the “Lab Emploi” initiative in the context of a general crisis due to the spread of the new coronavirus with the aim of evaluating employment and To support labor market policy in Morocco.
The “Lab Emploi” project is part of the “Employment” activity of the “Education and training for employability” project within the framework of the “Compact II” cooperation program concluded between Morocco and the United States. Objective: To strengthen the Kingdom’s efforts to assess and use the most reliable scientific evidence and data for the development and implementation of the Employment and Labor Market Policy “Evidence Based Policy”
Three areas of intervention
To carry out this mission, MCA-Morocco will therefore use the networks of researchers Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) and EPoD, two organizations that will work together to define the different axes of intervention of this initiative. In a first step, evaluation studies will be carried out in collaboration with Moroccan partners, focusing on employment policy issues and programs as well as the labor market. This will promote knowledge transfer, exchange and learning through national institutions, the statement said. The second axis will then be to strengthen the capacity of institutional partners, national experts and professionals to produce and use evidence in the formulation and implementation of public employment and labor market policies. Job. Finally, the third axis concerns the dissemination and exchange of knowledge through the dissemination of results and relevant knowledge in the field of employment and labor market policy to stakeholders.
Partner in cooperation with J-PAL and EPoD
To implement this initiative, the J-PAL and EPoD centers will work with a number of MCA-Morocco institutional partners, including the Ministry of Labor and Professional Integration, the National Agency for the Promotion of Employment and Skills, the National Initiative for human development and the National Human Development Observatory; and several national academic and research partners such as the Policy Center for the New South (PCNS), the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P) and the National School of Administration (ENSA).
A worrying rise in unemployment
According to the latest figures from the High Commission for Planning (HCP), the unemployment rate is rising dangerously in Morocco, especially in this crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The latest HCP report shows that the Moroccan economy lost no less than 589,000 jobs between the second quarter of 2019 and the same period in 2020. No sector, from agriculture to services to industry, has not been spared. Agriculture, forestry and fishing lost 477,000 jobs, services 30,000, industry and handicrafts 69,000 and construction 9,000. In addition, compared to the second quarter of 2019, 265 million working hours were lost per week, which corresponds to 5.5 million full-time positions. This is underlined by the HCP, which indicates this decline of 53% at national level. All sectors were affected, namely 71% construction, 63% industry and crafts, 54% services and 41% agriculture, forestry and fishing. At the national level, the volume of unemployed reached 1,477,000 people with an increase of nearly half a million people (496,000) or 311,000 in urban areas and 185,000 in rural areas.
MARIAMA NDOYE / The ECO inspirations