The Temple University of Philadelphia urges students and faculty to receive mumps vaccinations during an outbreak that has probably left more than 100 people ill within two months. As of Tuesday, there were 105 cases of mumps related to the Temple outbreak, according to the US Department of Health. Of these cases, 18 were confirmed and 87 were likely. Six of these cases were outside of Philadelphia, the department said.
The school announced the outbreak in late February, just before the spring break, with four confirmed cases of the disease.
"I think we are in control, but we expect a third wave," said Marky Denys, the director of the University of Health students, to CBS Philly.
Mumps is a viral infection that spreads through infected saliva. An infected person can spread them to others by simply sneezing or coughing, or sharing utensils or cups with another person, as shown on the Mayo Clinic website.
The University offers students and faculty free vaccines to clinics this week.
"Due to the nature of the mumps, it can take up to three weeks for someone to become symptomatic, it is clear to us that The outbreak will continue for a while, but we hope these clinics will help him graduate, "said James Garrow, spokesman for the Philadelphia Department of Public Health, in a statement.
The MMR vaccine protects Measles, mumps and rubella Although it does not guarantee protection, inoculants generally experience milder symptoms of the disease when contracted, and a higher number of vaccinated individuals also help to reduce the size, duration and spread of outbreaks said the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"There is no treatment for mumps and can lead to long-term health problems. Prior to a vaccine, Mumps was the leading cause of viral encephalitis (brain infection) and sudden deafness in the US, "the CDC website says.
In some cases, public health officials recommend two or three doses of The Vaccine depends on a person's risk of developing the disease, both the CDC and the Mayo Clinic.
"A recent study of a mumps outbreak at a university campus showed that students receiving a third-dose MMR vaccine get a much lower risk of getting the disease, "says the Mayo Clinic website.