The head of state began his reign in May after his father Akihito became the first emperor for 200 years to abdicate. However, on Tuesday, 59-year-old Naruhito announced in an elaborate series of rituals known as "Sokui no Rei" at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo that he has changed his status in the world.
When the ceremony began, purple curtains were withdrawn to reveal Naruhito and his wife Empress Masako, 55, who sat on two ornately decorated thrones.
Naruhito wore a rusty robe – just like his father did during his own enthronement in 1990 – while Masako wore a patterned, white robe and finished off her traditional hairdo with a gilded headgear.
Naruhito read from a large piece of paper and then announced his enthronement to an Imperial family audience. The 85-year-old emeritus Emperor Akihito, wearing a black suit, followed the process from the wheelchair.
"I undertake to act in accordance with the Constitution and to fulfill my responsibility as a symbol of the state and unity of the Japanese people, always wishing myself the happiness of the people and the peace of the world and turning my thoughts to the People and stood by them, "said Naruhito.
"I sincerely hope that our country, through the wisdom and unremitting efforts of our people, will continue to evolve and contribute to the friendship and peace of the international community and to the well-being and prosperity of humanity." Emperor Naruhito performs during a ceremony to announce his enthronement of the world on October 22, 2019 at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo, Japan. "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan-enthronement-1022-small-169.jpg "src-xsmall =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext /dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan-enthronement-1022-medium-plus-169.jpg "src-small =" http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan- enthronement-1022-large-169.jpg "src-medium =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan-enthronement-1022-exlarge-169.jpg "src-large =" //cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan-enthronement-1022-super-169.jpg "src-full16x9 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611 -13-japan-enthronement-1022-full-169.jpg "src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/191022003611-13-japan-enthronement-1022-small-11.jpg " data-demand-load = "not-loaded" data-eq-pts = "mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781" />
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stood in front of Naruhito's throne and read a speech. Then he bowed low and shouted, "Long live the Emperor!"
When Naruhito ascended the throne, boxes were placed next to him to contain a sword and an ancient jewel, which, according to legend, derive from the ancestor of the ancestor the first Japanese Emperor Jimmu, who ruled almost 2,700 years ago. Together with a fabled octagonal mirror, they form Japan's royal insignia or the three holy treasures. The sword and the jewel are so sacred that they have never been seen in public.
Naruhito will also receive congratulations from local and international representatives. Earlier in the day, Naruhito put on a white robe to pray in the Shinto shrines in the Imperial Palace.
A number of high-profile guests were present including the British Prince Charles and the contested Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam. South Korean Prime Minister Lee Nak-yon was also on the guest list, despite a continuing trade dispute between South Korea and Japan.
After the enthronement ceremony, an imperial banquet will take place on Tuesday evening.
Japan rolls of typhoon Hagibis – one of the strongest storms that hit the country in years. The typhoon has left dozens of deaths and caused great damage after it hit the country earlier this month.
The devastation prompted the palace to postpone a 4.6-kilometer public parade from the Imperial Palace to Akasaka Palace on November.
On Friday, the government announced that about 550,000 petty criminals will be pardoned on the occasion of the emperor's enthronement.
Naruhito – whose name means "a man who will acquire heavenly virtues" – was named 126th Emperor of Japan in May, the youngest in an unbroken line dating back 14 centuries.
Naruhito's ascent was signaled the beginning of the "Reiwa" era. The rule of each emperor is marked by his name. Naruhito's name was taken from an anthology of classical poetry from the 8th century and means "beautiful harmony".
The role of the Japanese Emperor has changed considerably since Naruhito's grandfather, Emperor Hirohito, sat on the throne. Once regarded as the living embodiment of the gods, the emperor has become largely a symbolic figure.
Unlike other monarchs, Naruhito is more of a symbol of the state than of the head of state, and the Japanese emperor exercises no political power.
Naruhito ascended the throne after his father Akihito became the first emperor to abdicate the chrysanthemum throne in modern history. Akihito was not only the first to abdicate for centuries, but was also the first Japanese emperor to marry a non-royal relationship with his subjects, who lived on television and raised his children.
Naruhito, Who Became First The Japanese King, who wishes to study abroad, has pledged to continue his father's inheritance and to work to break down the barriers between the Emperor and his subjects.