August 30th, 2018
In the first-ever televised NASA Advisory Council meeting, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine described the United States' latest effort to return to the Moon as one of sustainability.
During the Aug. 29, 2018, meeting, Bridenstine talked about how President Donald Trump's Space Policy Directive 1 is different from previous efforts to return to the Moon, which dates back to the Space Exploration Initiative of the late 1980s and the Vision for NASA to do it sustainably .
"We're not going to do 'flags and footprints' again," Bridenstine said. "We all look back fondly on Apollo, [a] critically important mission for our country, but when it was over, we did not go back to the moon. [LeftWingflagsandfootprintsandthistimewhenwegowe'regoingtogotostay"
The administrator, who was appointed by the Trump administration and confirmed by the U.S. Senates in April 2018 said NASA wants to take advantage of that did not exist during the previous deep space exploration pushes.
"We have commercial companies that can not do that even impossible just a few years ago, "Bridenstine said.
Without mentioning specific companies, he said business and international partners are working on new ways to get space with reusable rockets. Currently SpaceX is the only company that is actively flying partially-reusable rockets with its Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy. Blue Origin, a company founded by Amazon.com's Jeff Bezos, is now working on a partially reusable launch vehicle, New Glenn, which could see its first flight as early as 2020.
"So we want to make that sure we're going to go to the Moon sustainably, it's not just about reusable rockets, which are impressive in themselves, "Bridenstine said. "We want to go back to Earth from Earth orbit to lunar orbit, we want to be station around the moon that can be there for a very long period of time, and we want landers that go back and forth from that space or eventually space stations-we want those lands to go back and forth over and over again, reusing the landers themselves. robotic lunar landers of various sizes. Many are competing in a non-cash competition called the Lunar XPRIZE. It was formerly called the Google Lunar XPRIZE until it was determined in January 2018 that no team would make the March 2018 deadline. However, there are several companies that are offering their first flights.
In May, NASA announced the Commercial Lunar Payload Services which aims to develop Moon Landing technologies to send robotic payloads to the lunar surface.
Bridenstine said: "It's never been done before."
Bridenstine said that from 1969 to 2008, it was "bone dry." Then in 2008, India discovered and NASA corroborated that there NASA report said it was a team of scientists directly observed "Definitive evidence of water ice" on the lunar surface of the polar regions. The space is said to be "patchily distributed" in the craters while ice at the northern pole is more widely used, but sparsely spread.
"Water-ice represents life support," Bridenstine said. "It's water to drink, it's air to breath-oxygen. And so it's rocket fuel. "
Bridenstine said NASA wants to prove in-situ resource utilization using resources on the Moon to do more than likely before.
So lunar Gateway wants to play a big part in this push. However, he emphasized this outpost wants to be different from the Earth-orbiting International Space Station.
"We're putting a much smaller device in orbit around the Moon that's going to have access by humans," Bridenstine said. "It's going to be maneuverable . It's going to have solar electric propulsion. A long-term mission in that orbit.
Bridenstine said that With solar electric propulsion, the Gateway can move to different areas, as well as the L1 and L2 Earth-Moon Lagrange points-areas where the pull of Earth's gravity effectively cancels out of the Moon's gravity.
"We do not want to hear about water again," Bridenstine said. "We talk about what other resources might be there-we do not know. There could be trillions of dollars worth of platinum group metals. "
The rare earth metals found in the ground on the lunar surface are said to be rare Earth is not actually from this planet, rather from asteroid impacts.
"We know that the Moon has lots of asteroid impacts just like the Earth," Bridenstine said. "But the Moon does not have an active geology and it does not have the hydrosphere that we have, which means could have been just sitting there as it did a billion years ago. We do not know, I'm not saying that they are.
Bridenstine said the entire architecture needs to be public and published so that NASA's
"We want to be able to do more than we've ever done before, so what's going on do is "Bridenstine said."
All of this, Bridenstine said, is about retiring risk. He said NASA wants these capabilities, as well as proving in-situ resource utilization, to be replicated on Mars.
Bridenstine asked the NASA Advisory Council if they would Mars mission on a seven-to-nine-month journey to the Red Planet where the next opportunity to come home could be up to two years, or if they want to retire all the risk-technologically and with humane physiology-on a world That's only three days from Earth.
"If we've learned anything from Apollo 13, that's it. In other words, turn a failed mission into a successful mission. We can do that from the moon. [If] something like that happens on the way to Mars, it does not work out so well. "
Video courtesy of NASA
Derek Richardson has a degree in mass media, with an emphasis on contemporary journalism, from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas. While at Washburn, he was the managing editor of the student's newspaper, The Washburn Review. Hey, so has a blog about the International Space Station, called Orbital Velocity. Atlas V 551 rocket with the MUOS-4 satellite. Richardson will join our team shortly thereafter.
His passion for space ignited when he watched Space Shuttle Discovery 29, 1998. Today, this fervor has accelerated towards orbit and no signs of slowing down. After dabbling in math and engineering courses at college, he soon realizes his understanding. Since joining SpaceFlight Insider in 2015, Richardson has worked to increase the quality of our content, eventually becoming our managing editor. @TheSpaceWriter