Ultima Thule, the mysterious space rock in the Kuiper belt, was found with traces of organic molecules and water on its surface.
Snowman shaped rock, referred to as the "farthest world of all time", is collected by the spacecraft New Horizons and analyzed by NASA scientists.
The combination of chemicals found has been described as "very different from" Most icy objects previously explored by spacecraft include water and methanol.
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Ultima Thule, the mysterious snowman-shaped space rock in the Kuiper Belt, was found with traces of organic molecules and water on its surface. It is the farthest world ever explored by humans.
Ultima Thule, officially known as the 2014 MU69, is 4 billion miles from Earth and was named after a medieval term for somewhere outside the known world.
"We are investigating the well-preserved remains of the ancient past," said Alan Stern, Principal Investigator of New Horizons, Southwest Research Institute.
"There is no doubt that the discoveries about Ultima Thule apply." To advance theories about the formation of the solar system.
Published in the journal Science, the study contributes to a growing body of research that uncovers the enigmatic world.
The images used for the find were taken when the spaceship New Horizons was only 6,700 km from the target and showed sharper details of the rock surface including several divots.
The NASA ship has for the first time taken pictures of the two-lobed space rock more than a billion miles from Pluto when it arrived on New Year's Day.
New Horizons has spent over a decade racing through the Solar System since Launched on January 19, 2006 and drove past Pluto in 2015. New Horizons is now so far away from planet Earth that its messages pick up to react for six hours even though they move at the speed of light
Over the next 20 months, Earth's data will be reflected back to shed light on the formation of the Solar System to throw.
The project has spent more than a decade racing through the solar system since it launched on January 19, 2006 and passed Pluto in 2015.
Ultima Thule will be the most primitive planetary object being explored, and what conditions were revealed as in that distant part of the solar system as it formed out of the Sun's Nebula, "NASA said.
The probe is fed by a plutonium core, and when it reached Pluto, its sensors functioned properly, so NASA forwarded the probe to Ultima Thule.
Scientists hope to find clues about how our planet originated from its original formation in the dust that also produced the Earth.
The probe's evidence suggested that NASA scientists have found new evidence for the mysterious "wall" surrounding all the planets and objects in our solar system.
This mysterious bubble marks the boundary between the solar system and interstellar space and represents a marker for the edge of the Sun's influence.
The project has spent more than a decade racing through the Solar System since it launched on January 19th. Passing Pluto in 2006 and 2015 (image)
According to recent findings, the barrier is actually a large amount of hydrogen atoms trapped in the solar wind of our star.
These generate waves or ultraviolet light in a very characteristic manner, which was detected by the sensors aboard the New Horizons interplanetary spacecraft.
Ultima Thule orbits the Sun in a sparsely populated, low-energy environment known as the Kuiper Belt, a circumstellar disk in the outer Solar System, starting from Neptune's orbit.
Being so sparsely populated, the probability of collision with other objects is extremely low, but experts say it probably originated at the beginning of the solar system. It would have faced collision with other rocks.
Alan Stern, Principal Investigator of Horizons, said, "Everything we learn about Ultima – from its composition to its geology, to its original composition, whether it has satellites and an atmosphere, and something like that – will take us over teach the original formation conditions in the solar system that all the other objects we landed upon and encircled can not tell us because they are either big and developing or they are warm.
"Ultima is unique."
WHERE ARE NEW HORIZONS?
The spaceship that gave us the first close-up of Pluto now targets a much smaller object.
New Horizons is now trajectory past a recently discovered, less than 30-mile wide object on the solar system's frontier.
The close encounter with what is known as the 2014 MU69 would take place in 2019. It circles nearly 1 billion miles (1.6 billion kilometers) behind Pluto.
Nasa and the New Horizons team voted 2014 MU69 as the next potential target for New Horizons in August, hence the nickname PT-1. Like Pluto, MU69 orbits the sun in the frozen twilight zone known as the Kuiper belt.
This illustration provided by NASA shows the spaceship New Horizons. The probe whipped past Pluto in 2015 and flew to MU69 in 2014, attempting to fly through the tiny, icy world on the edge of the solar system in 2019.
It is believed that MU69 is 10 times larger and 1,000 times more massive MU69 is barely 1 percent as tall as Pluto and perhaps one ten-thousandth of the mass of the European spacecraft Rosetta.
dwarf planet. The new goal is, according to the scientists, a good middle ground.
The spaceship was recently approved for its extended mission to continue on its way to the object lower in the Kuiper Belt.
New Horizons is expected to approach the ancient object on January 1, 2019.