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NASA has just unveiled the space suit to be worn by First Woman on the Moon



WASHINGTON – NASA unveiled new prototypes of space suits on Tuesday (October 15), worn by the first woman running on the moon .

At an event at the Space Agency's headquarters, NASA's chief executive Jim Bridenstine and the space engineers will be watching two next-generation space suits at close range, developed for the Artemis program of the agency the goal is to land the first woman and the next man by 2024 on the moon.

" We will become the Moon by 2024 and we want it to be sustainable," said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine at the event. The Moon will be a test field to move astronauts to a more even fortress.

"Ultimately, the goal is: we're going to Mars," said Bridenstine. "And to get to Mars, we have to use the moon as a test site."

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Other Topics: Questions and Answers with Lisa Watson-Morgan, Head of NASA's Human Landing System [1

9659009] Amy Ross, space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, left, and NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, second from left, watch as Kristine Davis, space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, wear a ground prototype of NASA's new extravehicular exploration unit (xEMU ) and Dustin Gohmert, Orion Crew Survival Systems Project Leader at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Suit of the Orion Occupation Survival System, Waving After Introduction by Administrator, Tuesday, October 15, 2019, at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "class =" lazy-image lazy-image-loading lazyload optional-image "onerror =" if (this.src && this.src.indexOf ('missing-image.svg')! == -1) {return true; }; this.parentNode.replaceChild (window.missingImage (), this) "sizes =" auto "data-normal =" https://vanilla.futurecdn.net/space/media/img/missing-image.svg "src = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/MNLzHCxdC9LH8w75RNGrGU-320-80.jpg" srcset = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/MNLzHCxdC9LH8w75RNGrGU-320-80.jpg 320w, https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/MNLzHCxdC9LH8w75RNGrGU-650-80.jpg 650w "data-sizes =" auto "data-original-mos =" https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net /MNLzHCxdC9LH8w75RNGrGU.jpg "data-pin-media =" https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/MNLzHCxdC9LH8w75RNGrGU.jpg "/>

(Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky)

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  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (left) and Amy Ross, space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center (left), can be seen with Kristine Davis, a space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, who will carry a ground prototype of NASA's new Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) during a demonstration of the suit on Tuesday, October 15, 2019, at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

[Picture credits: NASA / Joel Kowsky]

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  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (left) shows a thumbs up as Amy Ross, space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Center, High Fives, Kristine Davis, NASA's Space Space Engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, will host a NASA's Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) prototype at NASA's Washington headquarters on Tuesday, October 15, 2019. [19659002] (Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky)

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  NASA's Space Space Scientist Kristine Davis wears a ground prototype of NASA's new Extravehicular Exploration Mobility Unit (xEMU) during a demonstration of the suit on Tuesday, October 15, 2019 at NASA headquarters in Washington.

[Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky]

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  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (left) talks to Dustin Gohmert, Orion Crew Survival Systems Project Manager at NASA's Johnson Space Center , in the Orion crew suit, over the suit, Tuesday, October 15, 2019, at NASA headquarters in Washington.

[Picture credits: NASA / Joel Kowsky]

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  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (left) talks to Dustin Gohmert, the Survival Systems Project Leader of the Orion Crew at Johnson Space Center NASA's Survive Suit of the Orion Crew, on the suit, Tuesday, October 15, 2019 at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

(Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky)

In order to achieve these ambitious goals, NASA needs to update their space suits so that people of all shapes, sizes and genders are able to Moon to fly to Mars and beyond and explore it.

"Kristine wears a spacesuit that fits all of our astronauts when we go to the moon," said Bridenstine, and waved Kristine Davis, space engineer at NASA's Johnson Space Center, who wore one of the two prototype suits

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (left) gives a thumbs up as Space Equipment Engineer Amy Ross of the Johnson Space Center (center) high fives Kristine Davis, space engineer at JSC, is wearing a ground prototype of the new Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) after a demonstration The two space suits prototypes, which NASA unveiled at NASA's headquarters in Washington on October 15, 2019, were developed for two separate parts of a spacesuit.

(Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky)

manned mission to the moon. One designated by Davis as the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) is a red, white and blue suit worn by astronauts exploring the lunar surface, particularly at the South Pole of the Moon – the Destination for the next moon landing with crew of NASA.

The second suit introduced on Wednesday, the Orion Crew Survival System, is a bright orange pressure suit worn by astronauts as they launch into space on the Orion capsule and return to Earth. It was demonstrated at the event by NASA space suit engineer Dustin Gohmert.

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The evolution of spacesuit in pictures

Dustin Gohmert, Project Director for Orion Survival Systems at NASA's Johnson Space Center, shows the new suit for the Orion Survival System with NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine at NASA Headquarters in Washington on October 15, 2019.

[Picture credits: NASA / Joel Kowsky]

A New Space Suit for the Moon

The xEMU suit will be the first suit worn on the lunar surface since NASA's Apollo program [19459006TheSuitcontainsanumberofenhancementswornbyboththeApollo-eraandastronautsuitsonspacewalksfromtheInternationalSpaceStation

One particular improvement concerns size and fit, NASA engineers say. The xEMU suit is designed for a variety of sizes. NASA intends to fit better, be more comfortable and allow astronauts to move around in a suit more easily.

"Mobility is one of the biggest things," said NASA astronaut Kate Rubins at the unveiling of the space suit. "If you need to pick up a stone … if you use a scientific instrument, you need that upper body mobility."

These enhancements enable astronauts to hopefully work with less discomfort and more maneuverability in a space suit. A suit designed for off-vehicle activities is still a challenge as it stands under pressure in an extreme and challenging environment , Rubins likened a space walk to a marathon.

While the legs of the EMU spacesuits that astronauts currently use for spacewalks outside the International Space Station may not be very important (as the astronauts float in space and do not explore the terrain on foot), the xEMU's legs are also of Vital importance Care was taken to ensure that the suit's legs could walk relatively easily on the lunar surface.

This is hopefully a major improvement over the Apollo suits, which allowed the astronauts to have only enough movement on the lunar surface to "hare".

In addition, astronauts with improved carbon dioxide washing technology can spend more time on extra-mehicular missions – up to 8 hours with an extra hour just in case, NASA officials said. The suit will also have improved seams and an improved design to avoid problems with moondust, which was a major problem in the suits of the Apollo era .

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An orange suit for Orion

The Orion suit for take-off and boarding designed for flights to and from the moon also offers a number of improvements to older flight suits.

A key feature of the suit is that, in contrast to xEMU, it is an unpressurized suit that can be pressurized in an emergency.

Gohmert, for example, said the suit can pressurize and stabilize astronauts in suits for up to six days, when there is a sudden, unexpected drop in pressure on the International Space Station or other spacecraft. "There may be cases of decompression sickness relief in the future for which we may want to use it," he added.

The feature features spacesuits that are twice as "personalized spaceships" as Bridenstine described them.

The new Orion suits are in bright orange, following a tradition established by NASA's Advanced Crew Escape Suit (ACES) during the Space Shuttle era.

A space suit for all

An important factor for both suits is the fit and size.

These new spacesuits were created after the International Space Station's first all-female spacewalk was canceled because there were not enough mid-sized spacesuits available at the beginning of this year (NASA has now sent it off) another mid-size suit and the first all-female spacewalk is available again later this week .) And since Artemis is trying to land the first woman on the moon and get on with a diverse astronaut team, it is imperative that the suits be right fit so that all astronauts can work safely and effectively.

One of the ways this space suit will address this problem is "modularity and sizing of these modular components to mix and match a complete suit configuration," said Amy Ross, chief of space engineer engineer for xEMU at Johnson Space Center of NASA, Space.com said here at the unveiling event.

Related: Future spacesuits should be beautiful – and not just for outer space. [19659002] Modular spacesuits are nothing new, but the size of the xEMU has been more than improved to ensure a comfortable fit. "The other thing we've done is that we have a unique function in the shoulder area, which is one of the critical dimensions in trying to put someone on a suit," said Ross.

To allow for easier movement and to allow an astronaut to move his arms in a full circle (as Davis demonstrated), the spacesuit is constructed so that the side or shoulder support is "as far inward as you And this adjustment mechanism allows you to move the side-bearing in for smaller people or for a little larger people, "said Ross. "With this size feature in one upper body and then with two upper bodies, it was possible to pick up the full range of people who need to fly the suit."

Comfort is particularly important for longer-term missions on the Moon and for missions with crew to Mars . If the spacesuits themselves cause discomfort or even injury, but astronauts have to carry them frequently, this would be a big problem.

"Our plan is to go to Mars, our plan is to make people work in spacesuits, so these tools should be very comfortable and free of injury," said Ross.

Kristine Davis, NASA's Johnson Space Center space engineer, carries a ground-based prototype of the agency's new Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) during a demonstration on October 15, 2019, at NASA's Washington headquarters.

(Photo credit: NASA / Joel Kowsky))

NASA wants within two years to fly a xEMU suit to the space station and two to the lunar surface of the xEMU suit on the space station they will not have that test before they send the suits to the moon.

While NASA aims to finish these suits in time to reach their 2024 goal of landing the first woman and the next man on the moon, the suits will evolve. Hansen said that they have been overhauled to be updated in particular with regard to their electronics and internal technologies.

These enhancements will be continued by NASA's Artemis-3 mission (the mission that will land astronauts on the moon) when the agency opens up future improvements and production for the US industry.

NASA is pleased with the increase in commercial partnerships, Hansen said, adding that the agency wants commercial partners to ultimately be responsible for the production of space suits and for innovative enhancements.

Follow Chelsea Gohd on Twitter @chelsea_gohd . Follow us on Twitter @SpaceTotcom and Facebook .


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