NASA announced that it plans to land the first woman on the moon in 2024. According to NASA, 45 years have passed since American astronauts entered the moon. but the upcomingaims to establish a sustained human presence on the Moon with the "first woman and the next man" by 2028 and welcome the lunar surface.
During the original Apollo missions, several American male astronauts entered the Moon, the last to occur during Apollo 17 in 1972. In 1983, Sally Ride became the first American to enter space on the STS-7 mission.
Artemis wants a radically new path for the nation's space exploration. NASA's Artemis mission aims to "demonstrate new technological advances and lay the foundation for private companies to build a moon economy." Artemis, named after the twin sister of Apollo in Greek mythology, lets humans explore the south pole surface of the Moon for the first time and lays the foundation for human missions to Mars in this century.
To this end, the Space Agency is building the new Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS), which is designed to hurl heavier payloads off the Earth's surface and send people into space for longer periods of time than before. NASA will also build a small spaceship, Gateway, which orbits the Moon and provides easier access to and from the Earth.
In a promotional video about the upcoming projects, NASA scientists explain that in 2009, millions of tons of water ice was discovered beneath the lunar surface. NASA believes that this ice can be mechanically extracted and converted into either drinking water or oxygen, astronauts, or it can be separated from hydrogen and used as fuel for lunar surface rockets.
While politicians had previously urged US astronauts to return to the moon, NASA gave the impetus to re-create a lunar presence with newly-captured astronauts traction under the Trump administration.President Trump added $ 1.6 billion to the $ 21 billion in 2020 to launch plans to return people to the moon.
"President Donald Trump asked NASA to accelerate our plans to return to the moon and land people on the surface again by 2024," NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement. "With innovative new technologies and systems, we will explore more surface locations than ever thought possible, this time we will stay on the moon as we go to the Moon, and then we will become what we learn on the Moon , use it to use it. " the next big jump – send astronauts to Mars.