Everything aboard the Magic Bastard Bus, students! We go to SPACE! That's right, these nerdy bastards as NASA went where every nerd wanted to go before – to erase some of Nerdkind's favorite things in the form of constellations even into the stars! From Comics to Science Fiction, NASA has added a list of unofficial constellations to celebrate the 10th anniversary of their Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope . The task of the telescope covers a number of different functions, but in terms of constellations Fermi observes gamma rays that are invisible to the naked eye. On the basis of their findings, scientists have made new discoveries by allowing them to look further into the past by observing gamma rays. But what pop culture references have made it to the night sky and, more importantly, how do we know where they are?
Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope observes gamma rays all day long, constantly surfacing information for NASA to learn more about the universe around us.
Unfortunately, for those of us who are interested in these new constellations, gamma rays are invisible to the naked eye. But of course, NASA knew that. When their tenth anniversary became known to Fermi, they not only named pop culture references as constellations to mark new points of origin of gamma rays, but also gave us a handy and interactive interactive map to go with them. Not only does this map show the constellations, they are also clickable to let you know why they chose this image and how it relates to the information Fermi gathers.
Japan's Mt. Mount Fuji Sweden's regained warship, Vasa in the inky night sky of some of Earth's most powerful heroes and best-known science fiction icons. Spread the cosmos itself.
One of the most famous figures in the gamma ray constellations is none other than the Incredible Hulk . NASA's page details why they chose Hulk for their constellation.
"Comic fans know the backstory of Hulk The Great, Green, Angry Alter Ego of Dr. Bruce Banner whose experiments with gamma rays went horribly wrong They pack enough punch to be transformed into matter under the right circumstances, a transformation that would certainly appreciate both Banner and Hulk Energy: Visible light provides enough energy that solar panels can convert it into electricity, and green plants use it to produce food.High energy ultraviolet light can give us tan and sunburns.On even higher energies, X-rays can penetrate materials, so doctors can fracture bones and security personnel at the airport.
The lowest energy G Fermi's Large Area Telescope (LAT) ammastr rays are more than 6 million times the energy of the most blue visible light. At the top, the LAT is designed to detect gamma radiation with ten times the energy of millions.
The LAT uses the ability of gamma rays to transform into matter. The instrument contains dense tungsten foils. When a gamma ray enters the LAT, it moves through these films until it comes close to a tungsten atom. The interaction transforms the gamma ray into an electron and its antimatter counterpart, a positron. These particles continue through the LAT, which tracks them to find out the direction of the original gamma ray.
Join his "Friend of Labor" Thors mythical hammer, Mjolnir .
" Mjolnir is the mythical hammer of Thor the Nordic god of thunder. Mjolnir was a fearsome weapon that was reportedly able to level mountains and unleash lightning. The Vikings protected amulets in the form of Mjolnir and more than a thousand were found throughout northern Europe. This constellation symbolizes Fermi's work on the study of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) associated with lightning from thunderstorms on Earth.
A thunderstorm is a strong natural particle accelerator. It can generate currents of subatomic particles that move near the speed of light, resulting in flashes of gamma rays lasting about one-thousandth of a second.
Among the other superheroes in a hero of other kind. A scientific hero whose contributions to science have not declined in the years since his life. Albert Einstein joins Hulk and Thor under the stars.
"Fermi delivered in his first year experimental evidence about the structure of space and time, unified as space-time in Einstein's theories , Some scientists have suggested that space-time may not be completely smooth. If that's true, it would mean that high-energy light takes longer to travel a certain distance than light of lower energy. But Einstein's theories state that all electromagnetic radiation – radio waves, infrared, visible light, X-rays, and gamma rays – travel through the vacuum at the same speed.
From a Remote Explosive Event Called Gamma Fermi observed gamma rays over a wide range of energies during a beam burst. If the prediction that the room had texture was correct, Fermi's LAT would have detected a significant time delay between the arrival of the lowest energy gamma rays and the highest energy. In a part of 100 million billion the two photons moved with the same speed. Fermi has shown that every effect of this kind must be incredibly small and may not even exist.
Einstein's Theory of Relativity predicts that gravitation can change the path of light. The space-time bends near massive objects and the light is deflected as it moves along the curved space-time. This means that foreground galaxies can act as a lens and produce magnified images of more distant objects.
What would the realm of science look like today, when scientists do not grow up with wonderful science fiction? To honor that, NASA added some Sci-Fi's most popular ships to the sky Star Trek & # 39; s Enterprise was a clear choice.
"The engines of the most famous ship of the " Star Trek " universe, the USS Enterprise are the destruction of matter and antimatter, a process that produces energy in the form of gamma rays. More than half of the gamma-ray sources cataloged in the Fermi mission come from a different type of engine – supermassive black holes in the cores of distant galaxies.
Joining his colleague, Enterprise is a sci-fi pioneer TARDIS from the BCC's Doctor Who
The Doctor is a Time Lord who travels through space and time aboard a sentient ship, known as TARDIS (short for Time and Relative Dimension in Space). Thanks to a broken chameleon cycle, the TARDIS looks like a London police box from the 1960s and, thanks to its advanced technology, is known to be larger inside.
In our universe, astronomers can not go into the past, but they can look into it by studying light from distant objects. The farther we look away, the longer the light takes to reach us, so that astronomers summarize the history and evolution of the cosmos as they study objects at different distances.
Scientists are also looking for mechanisms that, like the TARDIS defy the well-known laws of physics. By searching for clues in current theories, scientists hope to broaden and improve their understanding of the universe. One type of crack scientist being searched for is a violation of a principle called Lorentz invariance, and gamma rays discovered by Fermi provide an opportunity to do so. "
Covering our nerdy list is the only, king of the monster itself, Godzilla ! Godzilla is one of the most famous monsters in the cinema and is one of the best known symbols of Japanese popular culture. In the original film from 1954, nuclear tests disrupt the creatures' living spaces in the deep ocean and emerge from the sea to wreak havoc in Japan.
Godzillas Brand weapon is her "heat ray", a fiery jet. At least this is reminiscent of gamma rays associated with black holes and neutron stars.
When matter falls in the direction of a black hole, large amounts of energy are released. The gas falling on the black hole is compressed and heated to millions of degrees and lights up brightly near the black hole. Strong magnetic fields, combined with the rotation of the black hole, can accelerate some of these charged particles to speeds approaching the speed of light. Particles accelerated near the black hole event horizon, the point of no return, can escape along the axis of rotation of the black hole and form a beam that flows outward at near-light speed. "
Click on the links to the constellation pages to learn more about the constellations, the images they are named for, and the work of Fermi they are associated with, as well as others like France's Little Prince Pharos of Alexandria The Golden Gate Bridge and phenomena like Fermi Bubbles .
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