Fifty years ago, on July 20, 1969, NASA landed the first man on the moon. With the incredible power of the Apollo space program, three men flew the world's most powerful rocket – the Saturn V – into space. Half a century later, long after the end of the Space Race in the Cold War, NASA is no longer the dominant player in space flight. Instead, the US space agency relies on its Russian counterpart Roscosmos to send astronauts into orbit.
In the next 10 to 20 years, however, the future of spaceflight will no longer be in the hands of government agencies such as NASA, Roscosmos or the European Space Agency (ESA).
According to Lembit Öpik, Chairman of the Asgardia Space Parliament, the return to the moon and beyond will be reserved exclusively for the private sector.
Speaking to Express.co.uk, Mr. Öpik explained how space outsiders like Elon Musk pave the way for affordable rocket launches to become a reality over the next few decades.
The key is the rapid development of SpaceX's reusable rocket technology.
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Mr. Öpik said:" The American Space Shuttle was a compromise between the two, it was not fully reusable. It could have done a bit better, but the cost savings have led to a more expedient.
Elon Musk has done quite well, he has a rocket that can be reused more or less.
"Now Elon Musk has pretty much sorted it out. He has a rocket that can be reused more or less.
There is no point in Asgardia or anyone else building missiles, the private sector will deliver them.
"Let's now fast forward to 20 years, which nation will be motivated to build so many rockets that thousands of people can fly into space?"
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] In a future where parts of the human population are leaving the planet to live in space, cheap rocketry will be a necessity to colonize the stars.  In particular, Asgardia believes that this future is not too far away and could only be 25 years away.
For this reason, rockets such as SpaceX's Signature Falcon 9 and the upcoming Big Falcon Rocket will point the way for future generations of space colonists
Since the Space Shuttle program ended in 2011, NASA has tasked SpaceX with the delivery of cargo and satellites into orbit.
The kalifornisc The company has accomplished this mission by sending cargo with rockets to the International Space Station (ISS), which can safely return to Earth after launch.
Mr. Öpik argued that this drastically reduced the starting costs per kilo.
And with other actors, such as Jeff Bezos and Blue Origin, people in their twenties are now more likely than ever to make a trip to the moon in the near future.
Mr. Öpik said: "The great achievement of the superpowers was to prove that this is possible. The big achievement for the private sector is to do that.
" If you think about it , Asgardia is a space nation that, however, is dedicated to freedom of enterprise.
"No one should do this because he has to, because he wants and it is no shame to make money while progressing."
"At least for me it's exciting to see how the private industry can assert itself to get a lower cost per kilo for the launch. That's the central theme. "
In September 2018, Musk announced that Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa would be the first person to fly a SpaceX rocket to the moon and back.
The incredible start was planned for the year 2023.