The NASA video rendered by an artist shows the moment that a "supermassive black hole weighing a few million solar masses" destroys a star . The incredible footage shows how debris is thrown outward by the star, while the rest of the black hole is consumed. The event is known as "tidal disorder," which occurs when a star approaches too close to a black hole and is pulled apart by its tidal force.
NASA Goddard, a space research lab near Washington, said:
"When a star moves too close to a black hole, intense tidal forces tear the star apart.
The stellar debris is thrown outwards at high speed, while the rest falls on the black hole.
"This causes a significant X-ray flicker that can last for several years."
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NASA Goddard added, "NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, Swift's Gamma-ray Burst Explorer, and ESA / NASA's XMM-Newton have assembled various pieces of this astronomical puzzle in a tidal disturbance called ASASSN-1
"The event occurred near a supermassive black hole that is estimated to have a few million times the Sun mass Center weighs from PGC 043234, a galaxy located about 290 million light-years away.
"During tidal disturbance, filaments that contain much of the mass of the star fall toward the black hole. Eventually, these gaseous filaments fuse into a smooth, hot disk that shines brightly in x-rays.
"As the disk forms, its central area heats up enormously, driving a stream of material called wind away from the disk. "
" The black hole is always variable, but this was the brightest we've ever seen in the infrared. It was probably even brighter when we started watching this night!
The Black Hole, known as Sagittarius A * (Sgr A *), is located in the center of the Milky Way, just 26,000 light-years from Earth to NASA.
Scientists exploring the black hole in April and May Watching the event for four days with the Keck II telescope in Hawaii this year,
black holes are one of the most extreme entities in the universe, these mysterious regions of space-time show such a force that nothing – even light –
As soon as a black hole devours nearby gas clouds and stars, material sucked in warms up at the event horizon.