Molecules shaped like footballs are named because they consist of an array of 60 carbon atoms. ISM is the accumulation of gas and dust that separates our solar system from other star systems. As CNN reports, the elements that make up the ISM are critical to the formation of stars and planetary bodies when they are pulled together to create the new celestial objects.
Martin Cordiner from the Department of Physics, Catholic University of America said: "The diffuse ISM can be seen as the starting point for the chemical processes that ultimately create planets and life, so when you fully identify the content, you get information to the constituents available for the generation of stars and planets. "
The molecules form a carbon known as buckminsterfullerene or buckyballs.
The name was chosen after the American architect Buckminster Fuller. The 60 atoms form a football form with a carbon atom at each corner of the 20 hexagons and 1
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The molecules have been found in space, but never before in ISM.
The electric charge arises when an electron is hit by ultraviolet light from neighboring stars.
Mr. Cordiner said, "The diffuse ISM has in the past been considered too rough and too thin to build up any appreciable amount of large molecules."
He also noted that "life is the ultimate in chemistry
In fact, life as we know it Current data and information are based on carbon, and this discovery shows that carbon can be generated and survived in harsh space environments.
Das ISM is difficult to investigate, as the next example of this is far from Earth.
The First When an artificial object from Earth reached one of these regions in space, it was first launched in August 2012 by the Voyager 1 probe, which was launched in September 1977.
Voyager 2 left Earth 16 days earlier toward the end of August this year, only to enter the ISM seven months ago.