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NASA sends a helicopter to Mars with the 2020 mission



Mars welcomed Rover, Lander and Orbiter, but never was it a flying machine. That will change soon. When NASA's Mars 2020 Rover lands on the Red Planet, it will carry the Mars helicopter, which, if successful, is the first heavier aircraft than flying in the thin atmosphere of Mars.

The small helicopter will make it possible According to NASA, scientists are to remotely explore regions of the planet's surface far from the landing site of their mothership. It will be sent to Mars as a technology demonstrator, which means that if it does not work, the Mars 2020 mission will still be successful.

"The first flight of the Mars helicopter will portray the version of Wright's brother this planet in Kitty Hawk and the dawn of a new era," said Susan Gorton, NASA's manager for the revolutionary Vertical Lift Technology (RVLT) project , "For those of us whose research is focused on all things to do with the flight, this would be a remarkable historical moment."

Given the Martian atmosphere, the Mars helicopter design team faces a series of daunting challenges.

At the surface on which the Mars 2020 Rover is to land, air pressure is approximately 100,000 feet above the Earth's surface, NASA said. No helicopter has ever reached half the distance above the earth.

That's why the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's NASA engineers design a Mars helicopter capable of flying up to 15 feet above the Red Planet thanks to its two sets of rotor blades – four feet long, tip-to-tip 2,400 revolutions per minute, which is about ten times faster than a softball in a helicopter and weighs just under four pounds.

According to NASA, it is planned on Mars to try up to five flights, each of which flies a little further and each lasts up to 90 seconds. A solar system on the top of the vehicle charges the batteries, which are used to turn the blades and keep the vehicle warm, especially at night.

The helicopter will also carry a camera – almost identical to the average smartphone – to capture images of the Martian surface, it will fly back to Earth for transmission.

If the Mars helicopter works as planned, JPL scientists say that future missions to the Red Planet could carry and deploy more helicopters. Extend the scientific reach of the lander they have arrived on by using the sky overhead Explore Mars. [194559008] More on Geek.com: [19659012 none! function(f,b,e,v,n,t , s) {if (f.fbq) return; n = f.fbq = Funktion () {n.callMethod?
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