NASA has released a new sequence that shows the carbon monoxide plume caused by forest fires in Brazil and traces the changes every day from 8 August. The country has recorded record forest fires this year and more than 2,500 active fires throughout the Amazon since August 23. NASA's time series map shows carbon monoxide concentrations at a height of 18,000 feet.
The data was collected by the space agency's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument, which is located on the Aqua Satellite. Each "day" in the animation represents three actual days ranging from August 8th to 22nd. NASA explains that the green parts of the map represent carbon monoxide levels of about 100 volumes per billion.
The yellow areas represent a higher concentration of about 1
According to NASA, carbon monoxide can get stuck in the atmosphere for about a month. Assuming that the gas is trapped so high in the atmosphere, it does not have much impact on the air people breathe. However, if the draft downwardly pushes the carbon monoxide down, NASA warns that this may significantly affect the quality of the breathing air.
Carbon monoxide is released from the trees when it burns and has a major impact on climate change in addition to air pollution. According to the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, the increase in forest fires is due to deforestation. NASA followed the fires with their Earth satellites and kept the public up to date.