NASA's new Mars mission will, for the first time, measure the planet's temperature to decipher how the mighty mountains formed on the Martian surface. The discovery of this escaping heat will be a critical part of the InSight mission, managed by NASA.
InSight, scheduled to land on Mars on November 26, will be the first mission to probe deep inside
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Mars has some of the highest mountains in the solar system , This includes Olympus Mons, a volcano that is almost three times as high as Mount Everest, NASA said in a statement.
The probe measures heat with its Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) when it is conducted from the interior
The way heat moves through the mantle and crust of a planet determines which surface properties it will have, said Sule Smrekar of JPL, deputy research leader of the mission.
"Most of the geology of the planet is a result of the heat," said Smrekar.
"Volcanic eruptions in the ancient past were driven by the flow of heat that drives the mountains for which Mars is famous," said Smrekar.
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The mountain borders on a region called the Tharsis Plateau, where three equally impressive volcanoes dominate the landscape.
While scientists have modeled the inner structure of Mars, InSight will provide the first opportunity to find the ground truth ̵