A powerful quasar has caused a violent storm in a distant cosmic structure known as the "Teacup".
The quasar, propelled by a supermassive black hole (19459005), is located in the center of a distant galaxy, about 1.1 billion light-years from Earth. The galaxy, officially known as SDSS 1430 + 1339, houses a tea cup-shaped structure in which the quasar brews.
Quasars are among the brightest and farthest objects in the universe. They are found only in galaxies with supermassive black holes that devour matter near the galactic nucleus and emit extreme amounts of radiation, according to a statement by NASA .
The signature handle of the teacup is located 30,000 light-years from the black hole. It is believed that this structure is a ring of galactic material that surrounds a huge "bubble" and was thought to be formed by one or more eruptions triggered by the black hole.
Black hole radiation can cause speed galactic winds, also called jets, to shoot from both sides of the quasar. These mighty jets probably blew a ring of galactic material into space and, according to them, formed the "bubble" in the handle of the teacup.
Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory astronomers have been able to learn more about the evolution of the black hole and its behavior over time.
Earlier studies suggested that the quasar was quickly dying out. However, new data from Chandra shows that Quasar produces much more radiation than previously thought. This emerges from a study from 2018 published in [AstrophysicalJournalLetters .
The Chandra data also showed that the quasar is heavily obscured by gas, which probably hindered the view of optical telescopes used in 2007 to study the structure. At that time, the gas clouds had prevented astronomers from detecting all the radiation emitted by the quasar and believed they believed this structure was fading fast.
Chandra X-ray data was combined with images from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to create a stunning new view of the teacup structure.