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New discovery of mummies, burial in Egypt casts light on the embalming process



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SAQQARA, Egypt – In the shadow of the oldest pyramids of Egypt, the Saqqara Step Pyramids, Egyptian and German archaeologists have discovered an embalming factory that sheds new light. The ancient Egyptians were mummified.

Ramadan Hussein, director of the Saqqara Side Tomb Project, called it a "goldmine of information" about ingredients that have been preserving mummies for thousands of years.

The latest discovery included a complex of buildings, including an embalming cachet and a mummification workshop.

  Image: Necropolis of Saqqara
A general view of the research site in the Sakkara Necropolis in Egypt on July 14, 2018. Mohamed Hossam / EPA

But the most important thing is a communal burial place in the form of a deep Schachtes, "said Hussein." The embalming cachette has vessels in the form of measuring cups, all labeled with the names of oils and substances used in mummification. Now we have found a treasure trove of information about what the oils we use are. "

The treasury was hidden under the sand for 2600 years until archaeologists discovered it mapping a final site excavated in 1899.

"We needed to clean to map and produce our survey map," Hussein said, "and of course every great discovery happens in Egyptian archeology by accident."

In the new find, archaeologists opened one of five sarcophagi since the funeral were sealed. She revealed to the goddess Mut the mummy of a second priest and was adorned with a rare gilded silver and gold mask, beaded braid and gilded representations of pharaonic gods.

  Image: Mummy Mask
A recently discovered gilded mummy mask during a press conference in front of the Sakkara Step Pyramid, on July 14, 2018 in Giza. Amr Nabil / AP

The archaeologists also discovered 35 other mummies, a coffin, dozens of blue Ushepti statuettes, the deceased in the afterlife and alabaster canopic jars to hold their organs.

The find shows that money and position were also important in preparing for life after death

"We have discovered so many mummies: some with nothing buried, others buried with objects that are in terms of value Others with very, very expensive objects like the gilded mask that we show today, "said Hussein.

The 100-foot deep shaft has more secrets to reveal.

"This is just the beginning of the discovery," said Mostafa Al Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council for Antiquities.

Next season they will open the four remaining sealed sarcophagi. Throughout the country, the latest technology has accelerated the pace of discovery as archaeologists visit ancient sites to discover new ancient wonders.


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