What would a home on Mars look like? What kind of clothes would we wear on the Red Planet? And how would we grow our food? The answers to some of these questions will be beautifully presented in a new exhibition "Moving to Mars" at the London Design Museum.
The race for a successful manned manned mission to Mars begins, with NASA headed by a pack of public and private individuals Institutions that land first, including Elon Musk's Space X, Jeff Bezos & # 39; Blue Origin, Boeing and the Chinese Space Agency.
It is safe to say that these goals are more effective than realistic. Many required technologies are not yet available, including the spacecraft that is either under development or in the prototype stage. What a Mars mission would look like is anything but clear. Some teams plan to build a complete Martian habitat, while others will provide orbital stations that could serve as a launch pad for limited surface trips. But it is not too early to dream or to imagine how everything will take shape.
The interior of a planned Mars habitat of the London-based design firm Hassell
The exhibition is rich in historical materials but also forward-looking or speculative elements with a wide range of works by designers from different fields.
Curator Eleanor Watson said the designs on display were an answer to questions about future Mars missions. Watson said in a telephone interview, "How should weight-less clothing look like, what would a Martian habitat look like?" Very speculative questions about what the planet might look like in 1,000 or even 10,000 years.
works is a fashion collection by R nachhaltigenBURN, a sustainable design company that presents apparel for use in Mars' habitats made from recycled materials for spacecraft.
recycled parachutes and blankets.
"Shipping $ 18,000 per kilo of payload is expensive to ship to Mars, and everything you bring back must be able to reuse intelligently For example, all the rovers that fly are landing with parachutes, what will you use those parachutes after landing, well, one way would be to make all the clothes for the astronauts, "Watson said.
The RÆBURN collection.
The exhibition includes five architecture projects for potential Mars Habitat modules, all of which originated from NASA's 3D Printing Habitat Challenge, a $ 3 million dollar investment Competition for the construction of 3D-printed houses for space exploration. One of them, from London based international design firm Hassell, is scaled to full size so people can get to know and explore it.
"Hassell very kindly agreed to create a one-to-one model of one of them. The modules are six meters in diameter and contain a system that allows you to easily reconfigure the room. You have put together a group of six modules that are interconnected and covered by a shield to protect against radiation a ring so that you have a courtyard and if you are in a module, although it is quite small, there is a big one Windows and you can see what other people are up to, "Watson said.
The Hassell Habitat includes hydrocultures.
Outside habitat, normal clothing does not cut into the thin and non-breathable Martian atmosphere. Astonauts need space suits like the NDX-1, one of the first to be used by the two engineers from the University of North Dakota, Gary L. Harris and dr. de Leon, for which Mars was developed. Compared to suits designed for the Apollo Moon program, for example, Mars suits would have to be much more flexible, as they would last for months or even years rather than just days.
The NDX-1 suit.
Currently, the exploration of Mars is done exclusively by robots. There have been four successful landings of Rovers on the surface of the planet, of which only one, Curiosity, is still in operation. The exhibition contains a replica of Rosalind Franklin, a Mars rover launched in 2020 by the European Space Agency, which will land in 2021. He is named after an English scientist who made crucial discoveries about DNA and was previously known as ExoMars. "It's a wheeled lab, and it's going to get quite far into the Martian surface to find traces of life," Watson said.
The Rosalind Franklin.
Among the historical documents on display is the very first map of Mars, drawn in 1877 by Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli. He identified darker and lighter features of the map as seas and continents. Knownly, he described the straight lines he saw on the surface as canali, which was then translated as "channels" rather than "channels," triggering the channel frenzy that led to the misunderstanding That there may or may have been intelligent life on Mars, "said Watson.
Schiaparelli, GV (Giovanni Vi
The interactive components The focus of the show is on a multi-sensory An experience that simulates the conditions on the Martian surface, with smells and sounds and a family path that invites visitors of all ages to solve their own design challenges by fulfilling the set of tasks, including British astronaut Tim Peake.