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Newly discovered interstellar visitors could be intercepted, according to a study



It's been almost a month since the second interstellar object, C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov), was discovered. And this newly identified object could possibly be investigated, according to a new study.

The research found here finds that C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) could be intercepted and examined with existing technology to determine a number of aspects about it, such as whether it is a comet or an asteroid. Experts also point out that it could be investigated which material, if any, was taken up by other solar systems.

"Examining interstellar objects at close range would provide us with unique data about other star systems without actually flying." Andreas M. Hein, Executive Director of the Board of Directors of Initiative for Interstellar Studies and co-author of the study, said Universe Today by e-mail with.

  Comet C / 2019 Q4 as pictured by Canada -France Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii's Big Island on September 10, 2019. (Source: Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope)

Comet C / 2019 Q4, taken from Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii's Big Island on September 10, 2019. (Credit: Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope)

MYSTERIOUS, NEWLY DISCOVERED COMETS IS AN INTERSTELLAR VISITOR, SCIENTISTS BELIEVE A bit like: If you can not go to the mountain, let the mountain come to you, "Hein added in the email," It will probably many decades before we can send a spaceship to another star. Therefore, interstellar objects could be an interim solution to find out more about other stars and their planets. "

In research, Hein and the other researchers suggested that a SpaceX Falcon Heavy launch vehicle launcher using the Optimum Interplanetary Trajectory Software ( OITS) to generate trajectories for the object could have sent a 2-ton spaceship to the object if it had been launched in July 2018.

Additional Start Data This would require the use of higher-performance systems, including startup data for 2030 using the currently under development space launch system that would reach the object by 2045.

The research could also have implications for the study of other interstellar objects, including Oumuamua.

] "If C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) actually proves to be an interstellar object, implies its discovery shortly after the deDd According to Oumuamua, the next interstellar object could be discovered in the near future, "the study's summary says. "The feasibility of a mission for Oumuamua and C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) using existing technologies shows that missions to other interstellar objects are likely to be possible."

Comet C / 2019 Q4 (Borisov) was discovered Astronomer Gennady Borisov and the International Astronomical Union (IAU) said on August 30 that they probably descended from another system.

Earlier this month, NASA JPL said that the property is located approximately 260 million miles from the Sun and the Sea will reach its next point, the so-called perihelion, on December 8, 2019, when it is within a radius of 190 Million Miles from the Sun]

Sending a spaceship to Oumuamua would require quick thinking as it was discovered in October 2017, but it might still be possible, Hein added. "In terms of & # 39; oumuamua & # 39; we can even launch a spaceship beyond 2030," he said in the email. "There is plenty of time to develop such a spaceship."

It is still unclear what Oumuamua actually is, though several theories have surfaced, including one from Harvard University researcher Avi Loeb, that it could be an extraterrestrial light sail.

Hein said he expects that there will be two types of research, one of which uses remote sensing with a telescope to take pictures. The second option would be to analyze material on the interstellar objects and hopefully capture some of the particles from the cloud of dust that, according to Hein, "provide unique insights into the composition of the object."

However, it is too early to guess. What the research might reveal, he suggested, could suggest that "organic molecules are the building blocks of life, actually migrating between star systems" and that the Life itself could possibly spread between stars in our galaxy.

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