26th October 2018
He flew six times into orbit, two of these flights took him to the moon. Now the name of John Young will ride back into space and decorate Northrop Grumman's NG-10E Cygnus spaceship, which will fly to the International Space Station on November 15th.
The NG-10E mission is to make the final journey for one of the cargo ships to the space station. When it flies, the S.S. John Young is estimated to carry 7,720-8,270 pounds. (3,500-3,750 kg) Freight, crews and experiments in the orbiting laboratory.
Northrop Grumman announced the choice of the name for the spaceship on October 24 Twitter .
When it flies, S.S. John Young is launched on Northrop Grumman's Antares 230 rocket from Pad 0A (LP-0A) at the Wallops Flight Facility of NASA in Virginia.
One of the founding fathers of the NASA Astronaut Corps
John Young was one of only 12 men who have wandered on the lunar surface until today. His first mission, however, after being selected as an astronaut in 1962, was only a low Earth orbit. Gemini 3 was the first flight under the Gemini program of NASA. Young was with the veteran Mercury astronaut Gus Grissom on the mission partnership. In the intervening years, Gemini 3 may have been best known for sneaking away a corn-beef sandwich from Wolfie's Restaurant and Sandwich Shop (after the Smithsonian) and telling his commander during the flight – rather than the importance of the test flight itself.
While Young's minor act of rebellion with Congress may not have played very well, he did not hinder his progress on America's emerging space program (as noted by the AV Club's William Highes). In the summer of 1966, Young was again lifted to the sky on a Titan II rocket on Gemini 10 . The mission showed that radiation at high altitudes should not be a problem for future flights. However, the primary objectives of Gemini 10 focused on the procedures required for NASA's journey to the Moon – Rendezvous, Docking and Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA). Less than three years later, Young circled the moon with his colleague Apollo 10 crewmen Eugene Cernan and Thomas Stafford. The flight saw Cernan and Stafford the Apollo 10 lunar module, Snoopy within 8.4 nautical miles (15.6 km) above the lunar surface. Young remained aboard the command module of the mission, Charlie Brown . The crew of Apollo 10 allowed Neil Amrstrong and Buzz Aldrin two months later in July 1969 to enter the moon.
Young's space research days just started with his most prestigious mission, Apollo 16 took place in 1972. The approximately 11-day mission saw young and lunar-land pilot Charles Duke successfully complete the fifth mission on the lunar surface. When Young took off from the Descartes Highlands of the Moon and traveled back to Earth – his days in orbit were not over yet.
Young, along with Robert Crippen, led STS-1 successfully to the first test flight of one of NASA's shuttle orbiters by aboard Columbia in April 1981. After spending two days in orbit and carrying capacity of the The pair landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California. Young would serve as commander of a final mission in 1983, STS-9 (again on Columbia ).
Young has held various roles with the US Space Agency before retiring from NASA on December 31, 2004, at the age of 74. Overall, Young spent 42 years with the agency, and participated in NASA Johnson Space Center meetings several years after he retired. Young died at the age of 87 last January (2018).
The first Cygnus flight to the ISS took place in September 2013. Since the maiden's first flight, Orbital Sciences (now Northrop Grumman) has named each vehicle for a person who is crucial to the company or in honor of an astronaut.
"John was one of those group of early space pioneers whose courage and dedication brought the country's first great achievements in space, but was not content with his practical contributions continuing long after the last of his six spaceflights – a world record when he retired from space Cockpit, "said NASA's former acting administrator, Robert Lightfoot, published in an agency published on January 6, 2018.
Jason Rhian spent several years improving his skills through internships at NASA, the National Space Society, and other organizations. He has provided content for the following areas: Aerospace Week and Space Technology, Space.com, The Mars Society and Universe Today.