People in England will be able to pay the NHS for the sequencing of their genes on the condition that they exchange their data.
Participants in the planned program will receive a health report in which the risk of a disease such as cancer can be predicted or Alzheimer's.
Health Minister Matt Hancock says he will help develop treatments "that will benefit everyone in the future".
However, concerns have been expressed regarding the plans of the chairpersons of the British Society for Genetic Medicine.
It is possible that DNA testing may alert patients to problems that require further investigation. All data would be shared anonymously with scientists.
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Mr. Hancock said, "While healthy people should not have this service on the NHS for free, sequencing as many genomes as we can has tremendous benefits."
"Each sequenced genome takes us a step closer to development lifesaving treatments. "
The Department of Health said the project ̵
There were no details on a launch date or date
It follows the successful completion of the 100,000-genome project in December 2018.
What is the 100,000-genome project that started in 2012? The project had its goal in December Reached in 2018
But Dr. Anneke Lucassen, chair of the British Society for Genetic Medicine, said: "The NHS was always free at birth.
"It has the potential to create a two-tier system."
And she warned, "You can use a genetic code to confirm a clinical picture, but you can not use it to predict what is going to happen in the clinic future very accurately."
Dr. Lucassen said the government had otherwise good and reasonable plans for genetic medicine and praised their commitment to collect research data.
Genomics requires large datasets, ideally shared internationally.
The government has now announced plans to sequence at least one million whole genomes within five years.
In addition to paid DNA sequencing, the NHS is routinely used to provide critically ill children and adults with genetic conditions and cancer DNA analysis.
By Michelle Roberts, BBC Health Correspondent
It's not about looking for rare genetic disorders in humans at very high risk This kind of check is already now being free for NHS Patients offered.
Matt Hancock's latest announcement is to gather data from the population to help scientists better understand diseases and human genetics.
He wants healthy people to become "genomic volunteers" to support the research.
From a blood sample, experts can search for small changes or mistakes in our DNA – the genetic code of life.
The anonymized data will help them to get a picture of the health of the country and to design new, life-saving treatments.
Genomic volunteers may be able to get a personalized report in their own unique DNA profile.
But there are a few things that people should recognize before they agree:
- DNA testing does not necessarily give a clear prediction or result.
- Healthy people are unlikely to benefit directly from the tests
- Revealing results that may need to be investigated
- Depending on their test results, volunteers may also be invited to participate in other research projects
And there are still many unknowns:
- How much does it cost?
- Where are the tests performed?
- How long will people have to wait for their results?
- Could this affect my health insurance?