V sec. Naipaul,
the Nobel laureate, born in Trinidad, died Saturday in his London home, his family said. He was 85 years old.
His wife, Nadira Naipaul, said he was "a giant in all that he achieved, and died surrounded by those he loved, a life of wonderful creativity and aspirations."
Mr. Naipaul was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001, "because he unites an ingenious narrative and incorruptible review into works that force us to see the presence of suppressed stories."
In a career spanning half a century, the writer traveled as a self "barefoot colonial" from rural Trinidad to the English upper stratum, won literary prizes and a knighthood and was hailed as one of the greatest English writers of the 20th century.
Mr. Naipaul's books explored colonialism and decolonization, exile and the struggles of everyman in the developing world ̵
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul was born on 17 August 1932 in Trinidad, a descendant of impoverished people. The Indians were shipped to the West Indies as indebted workers.
His father was an aspiring autodidact whose ambitions were dashed by lack of opportunities; the son was determined to leave his homeland as soon as possible. In later years he repeatedly rejected his birthplace as little more than a plantation.
"I was born there, yes," he told Trinidad in 1983 to an interviewer. "I thought it was a big mistake." 19659004] In 1950, Mr. Naipaul received one of the few government grants available to study in England and left his family to begin his studies of English literature at Oxford University College
. Naipaul eventually landed a radio job at the BBC World Service, where he discussed West Indian literature and found his place as a writer. His breakthrough came in 1957 with his first published novel "The Mystic Masseur", a humorous book about the lives of powerless people in a ghetto in Trinidad
. Naipaul caught the attention of book critics and in 1959 won the Somerset Maugham Award with the narrative collection "Miguel Street". In 1965 Naipaul published "A House for Mr. Biswas", which was widely celebrated as a masterpiece. This novel about the life of a man through the boundaries of colonial society was a tribute to Mr. Naipaul's father.
He went on to publish award-winning novels. "The Mimic Men" won the W.H. Smith Award in 1967 and 1971 "In a Free State," a meditation on colonialism in Africa, was awarded the Booker Prize.
Africa was also the scene of his novel "A Bend in the River", published in 1979. Www.db-artmag.de/2006/4/de/1/445-2.php The novel "The Enigma of Arrival". (The Enigma of Arrival) from 1987 is also reflected in his travels and passages. Naipaul received the knighthood in 1990 and in 2001 the Nobel Prize for Literature.
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