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Home / World / North Korea does not propose to suggest any intention to abandon the nuclear arsenal

North Korea does not propose to suggest any intention to abandon the nuclear arsenal

SEOUL, South Korea – North Korea announced that it will suspend nuclear tests and intercontinental ballistic missiles from its summits with Seoul and Washington, but does not suggest giving it up to its hard-won nuclear arsenal. The announcement, which sets the table for further negotiations at the beginning of the summit, was made by Kim Jong Un at a meeting of the Central Committee of the North Korean ruling party on Friday. It was reported by the state media of the North on early Saturday. Kim justified the suspension with his party by saying that the situation around North Korea had changed dramatically "in favor of the Korean revolution" since he announced last year that his country had completed its nuclear forces. He said that North Korea has reached a level where it no longer needs underground tests or interstitial missile launch tests, adding that it will close its nuclear test facility in Punggye-ri, which was thought to have become unusable due to tunnel collapses be after the test of the north of his most powerful bomb last year.

The announcement is Kim's starting signal to set the tone for summit talks with President Moon Jae-in and President Trump scheduled for next Friday, which is expected in late May or early June.

Mr. Trump, who is at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida, quickly described the development as "progress." He answered almost immediately with a tweet and said, "This is very good news for North Korea and the world." He added that he was looking forward to his summit with Kim.

South Korea's presidential office also welcomed North Korea's announcement as "meaningful progress" toward the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. Presidential official Yoon Young-chan said in a statement that the decision of the North increased the chances of successful talks between Seoul, Pyongyang and Washington.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe showed a more cautious reaction.

"What matters here … is how this development will lead to the complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantling of nuclear weapons, weapons of mass destruction and missiles," he said. "And I'll keep an eye on that."

China, North Korea's main ally, welcomed Pyongyang's decision. The official news agency Xinhua quoted Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang as saying Beijing wants North Korea to continue to deliver results in developing its economy and improving the standard of living of its people. He said China will support North Korea through dialogue and consultation with "relevant parties" to resolve their concerns and improve relations.

Kim Dong-gil, director of the Center for the Korean Peninsula at Peking University, says that North Korea now has nuclear weapons. He believes that they will use them as a bargaining chip to officially end the Korean War of 1950-53 to guarantee North Korea's security and finally allow North Korea to open its economy to the rest of the world.

Pyongyang residents, largely unaware of Kim's plans to meet with Trump, met at subway stations. where newspapers are published for the public, or large screens in the city plazas for the reports. One resident, 34-year-old son Kum Chol, said he read the news in the ruling party's newspaper. North Koreans are very cautious when talking to the media, but Son told The Associated Press that the news has made him feel that the "way ahead will be brighter and more prosperous."

Some analysts believe that Kim believes he is entering the summit negotiations from a position of strength and hopes to tacitly recognize that his country is now an atomic power. They believe he wants to hold talks and make some concessions on the margins, which could convince Washington and other countries to ease the sanctions against his struggling economy.

In his speech at the party meeting, Kim praised his nuclear policy as "a wonderful victory" achieved in just five years. A resolution passed after his speech also stressed that the country had successfully achieved its goals of achieving a viable nuclear force and that it intended to retain that power.


People walk past a television screen on April 21, 2018, where a footage of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un can be seen at a train station in Seoul. [19659018] Jung Yeon-je / AFP / Getty Images

The acronym for the official name of North Korea said that the North would "under no circumstances use nuclear weapons or transmit nuclear weapons or nuclear technology unless nuclear threats and nuclear provocations against the DPRK".

"This was a smart move by Kim," said Vipin Narang, a professor of political science and a nuclear proliferation expert at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in an e-mail. "Although the previous commitments to the moratoria last November and March are largely formalized, there is still plenty of room for circumventing commitments in the future, and none of this is irreversible, and nothing in it mentions denuclearization of any kind." "

Narang noted that North Korea has already carried out as many nuclear tests as Pakistan and India – six – and may not need to conduct any more subterranean tests.

Kim threw another nugget that could be used on the tops and stressed that he wanted to focus nationally on improving the country's economy, which was hit hard by international sanctions and the "maximum pressure" strategy by Mr. Trump.

The announcement ends an ominous silence from Pyongyang regarding the overwhelming diplomatic steps Kim has taken since the beginning of this year, including his summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping last month.

There is also the best idea of ​​what Kim wants to bring along with Moon and Mr. Trump on his summits.

At a press conference on Wednesday with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, M played Trump down what might be Finished when he meets Kim, reports CBS News & # 39; s Errol Barnett.

"If I think it's a meeting that will not be fruitful, we will not go," said Trump. "If the meeting – when I am there – is not fruitful, I will respectfully leave the meeting."

Seoul says that Kim expressed his genuine interest in disposing of his nuclear weapons. But for decades, North Korea has promoted a concept of "denuclearization" that bears no resemblance to the American definition and pursues nuclear development unless Washington removes its forces from the peninsula.

Some important things were also taken out of the North's dissolution – such as missiles or missile launches of medium-range missiles – which either suggest that the North is not ready to go so far, or that he wants to wait how much it can At the beginning of the actual discussions they receive further concessions.

On Saturday, as the global reaction to North Korea's announcement continued, Sweden's Foreign Minister Margot Wallström said "good news" is that steps are being taken to de-escalate from further bomb and missile testing, "but added that "we need to keep up the pressure with the sanctions regime and everything else we do. "

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